Combine/Separate Nodes

All of these nodes do essentially the same thing:

  • Separate: Split out an image into its composite color channels.
  • Combine: Re/combine an image from it is composite color channels.

These nodes can be used to manipulate each color channel independently. Each type is differentiated in the applied color space.

In compositing and texture context each node supports the Alpha channel. In the texture context only RGB color space is available. In the shading context of the Blender internal adds HSV and the Cycles shading context offers an additional pair of nodes to combine/separate a vector (XYZ).

The Combine nodes could also be used to input single color values. For RGBA and HSVA color spaces it is recommended to use the RGB Node. Some common operation could easier executed with the Color Nodes.

Separate/Combine RGBA Nodes

../../../_images/compositing_types_converter_combine-separate_combine-rgba-node.png

Combine RGBA Node.

../../../_images/compositing_types_converter_combine-separate_separate-rgba-node.png

Separate RGBA Node.

Input/Output

Image
Standard image in/output.
  • R (Red)
  • G (Green)
  • B (Blue)
  • A (Alpha)

Properties

This node has no properties.

Examples

../../../_images/compositing_types_converter_combine-separate_example-combine-rgba.png

In this first example, we take the Alpha channel and blur it, and then combine it back with the colors. When placed in a scene, the edges of it will blend in, instead of having a hard edge. This is almost like anti-aliasing but in a three-dimensional sense. Use this node setup, when adding CG elements to live action to remove any hard edges. Animating this effect on a broader scale will make the object appear to “phase” in and out, as an “out-of-phase” time-traveling sync effect.

../../../_images/compositing_types_converter_combine-separate_rgba-example-2.jpg

In this node set up, we make all the reds become green, and all the green both Red and Blue, and remove Blue from the image completely.

Separate/Combine HSVA Nodes

../../../_images/compositing_types_converter_combine-separate_combine-hsva-node.png

Combine HSVA Node.

../../../_images/compositing_types_converter_combine-separate_separate-hsva-node.png

Separate HSVA Node.

Input/Output

Image
Standard image in/output.
  • H (Hue)
  • S (Saturation)
  • V (Value)
  • A (Alpha)

Properties

This node has no properties.

Separate/Combine YUVA Nodes

../../../_images/compositing_types_converter_combine-separate_combine-yuva-node.png

Combine YUVA Node.

../../../_images/compositing_types_converter_combine-separate_separate-yuva-node.png

Separate YUVA Node.

Input/Output

Image
Standard image in/output.
  • Y (Luminance)
  • U (U chrominance)
  • V (V chrominance)
  • A (Alpha)

Properties

This node has no properties.

Separate/Combine YCbCrA Node

../../../_images/compositing_types_converter_combine-separate_combine-ycbcra-node.png

Combine YCbCrA Node.

../../../_images/compositing_types_converter_combine-separate_separate-ycbcra-node.png

Separate YCbCrA Node.

Input/Output

Image
Standard image in/output.
  • Y (Luminance)
  • Cb (Chrominance Blue)
  • Cr (Chrominance Red)
  • A (Alpha)

Properties

Mode
ITU 601, ITU 709, Jpeg

Tip

If running these channels through a Color Ramp node to adjust value, use the Cardinal scale for accurate representation. Using the Exponential scale on the luminance channel gives a high-contrast effect.