Introduction

Force Fields offer a way to influence a simulation, in example to add extra movement. Particles, Soft Bodies, Rigid Bodies, and Cloth objects can all be affected by forces fields. Force Fields automatically affect everything. To remove a simulation or particle system from their influence, simply turn down the influence of that type of Force Field in its Field Weights panel.

  • All types of objects and particles can generate fields, but only curve object can bear Curve Guides fields.
  • Force Fields can also be generated from particles. See Particle Physics
  • The objects need to share at least one common layer to have an effect.

You may limit the effect on particles to a group of objects (see the Particle Physics page).

Force field types
../../_images/physics_force-fields_introduction_empty.png
../../_images/physics_force-fields_types_vortex_visualzation.png
../../_images/physics_force-fields_types_wind_visualzation.png
../../_images/physics_force-fields_types_force_visualzation.png

Creating a Force Field

Reference

Mode:Object Mode
Panel:Physics ‣ Fields

To create a single Force Field, you can select Add ‣ Force Field and select the desired force field. This method creates an Empty with the force field attached.

To create a field from an existing object you have to select the object and change to the Physics tab. Select the field type in the Fields menu.

The fields have many options in common, these common options are explained for the Spherical field.

Note

After changing the fields Fields panel or deflection Collision panel settings, you have to recalculate the particle, soft body or cloth system by Free Cache, this is not done automatically. You can clear the cache for all selected objects with Ctrl-B ‣ Free cache selected.

Particles react to all kinds of Force Fields, soft bodies only to Spherical, Wind, Vortex (they react on Harmonic fields but not in a useful way).

Common Field Settings

Most Fields have the same settings, even though they act very differently. Settings unique to a field type are described below. Curve Guide and Texture Fields have very different options.

Shape

The field is either a:

Point
Point with omni-directional influence.
Plane
Constant in the XY plane, changes only in Z direction.
Surface
ToDo.
Every Point
ToDo.
Strength
The strength of the field effect. This can be positive or negative to change the direction that the force operates in. A force field’s strength is scaled with the force object’s scale, allowing you to scale up and down the scene, keeping the same effects.
Flow
Convert effector force into air flow velocity.
Noise
Adds noise to the strength of the force.
Seed
Changes the seed of the random noise.
Effect Point
You can toggle the field’s effect on particle Location and Rotation.
Collision Absorption
Force gets absorbed by collision objects.

Falloff

Here you can specify the shape of the force field (if the falloff Power is greater than 0).

Falloff Type
Sphere
The falloff is uniform in all directions, as in a sphere.
Tube
The falloff results in a tube-shaped force field. The field’s Radial Power can be adjusted, as well as the Minimum and Maximum distances of the field.
Cone
The falloff results in a cone-shaped force field. Additional options are the same as those of Tube options.
Z Direction
The falloff can be set to apply only in the direction of the positive Z axis, negative Z axis, or both.
Power (Power)
How the power of the force field changes with the distance from the force field. If r is the distance from the center of the object, the force changes with 1/ rpower. A falloff of 2 changes the force field with 1/ r2, which is the falloff of gravitational pull.
Max Distance
Makes the force field affect other objects only within a specified maximum radius (shown by an additional circle around the object).
Min Distance
The distance from the object center, up to where the force field is effective with full strength. If you have a falloff of 0 this parameter will have no effect, because the field is effective with full strength up to Max Distance (or the infinity). Shown by an additional circle around the object.