Rigid Body Properties

Rigid Body

Reference

Panel

Physics ‣ Rigid Body

Type

Role of the rigid body in the simulation. Active objects can be simulated dynamically, passive object remain static.

Active

Object is directly controlled by simulation results. The possibility to select this type also available with Add Active button in the Physics tab of the Toolbar.

Passive

Object is directly controlled by animation system. Thus, this type is not available for Dynamics. The possibility to select this type also available with Add Passive button in the Physics tab of the Toolbar.

Mass

Specifies how heavy the object is and “weights” irrespective of gravity. There are predefined mass preset available with the Calculate Mass button in the Physics tab of the Toolbar.

Calculate Mass

Automatically calculate mass values for rigid body objects based on its volume. There are many useful presets available from the menu, listing real-world objects.

Note

Also you can have Custom mass material type, which is achieved by setting a custom density value (kg/m3).

Dynamic

Enables/disables rigid body simulation for object.

Animated

Allows the rigid body additionally to be controlled by the animation system.

Rigid Body Collisions

Reference

Panel

Physics ‣ Rigid Body ‣ Collisions

Collision Shapes

The Shape option determines the collision shape of the object.

Primitive Shapes

These are best in terms of memory/performance but do not necessarily reflect the actual shape of the object. They are calculated based on the object’s bounding box. The center of gravity is always in the middle for now. Primitive shapes can be shown in the viewport by enabling Bounds in the Object ‣ Display panel.

Box

Box-like shapes (e.g. cubes), including planes (e.g. ground planes). The size per axis is calculated from the bounding box.

Sphere

Sphere-like shapes. The radius is the largest axis of the bounding box.

Capsule

This points up the Z axis.

Cylinder

This points up the Z axis. The height is taken from the Z axis, while the radius is the larger of the X or Y axes.

Cone

This points up the Z axis. The height is taken from the Z axis, while the radius is the larger of the X or Y axes.

Mesh-Based Shapes

These are calculated based on the geometry of the object so they are a better representation of the object. The center of gravity for these shapes is the object origin.

Convex Hull

A mesh-like surface encompassing (e.g. shrink-wrap over) all vertices (best results with fewer vertices). A convex approximation of the object, has a good performance and stability.

Mesh

Mesh consisting of triangles only, allowing for more detailed interactions than convex hulls. Allows to simulate concave objects, but is rather slow and unstable.

Mesh Source

Users can now specify the mesh Source for Mesh bases collision shapes:

Base

The base mesh of the object.

Deform

Includes any deformations added to the mesh (shape keys, deform modifiers).

Deforming

Mesh shapes can deform during simulation.

Final

Includes all deformations and modifiers.

Surface Response

Reference

Panel

Physics ‣ Rigid Body ‣ Surface Response

Friction

Resistance of object to movement. Specifies how much velocity is lost when objects collide with each other.

Bounciness

Tendency of object to bounce after colliding with another (0 to 1) (rigid to perfectly elastic). Specifies how much objects can bounce after collisions.

Collision Groups

Allows rigid body collisions allocate on different groups (maximum 20).

Sensitivity

Reference

Panel

Physics ‣ Rigid Body ‣ Sensitivity

Margin

Threshold of distance near surface where collisions are still considered (best results when non-zero).

The collision margin is used to improve the performance and stability of rigid bodies. Depending on the shape, it behaves differently: some shapes embed it, while others have a visible gap around them.

The margin is embedded for these shapes:

  • Sphere

  • Box

  • Capsule

  • Cylinder

  • Convex Hull: Only allows for uniform scale when embedded.

The margin is not embedded for these shapes:

  • Cone

  • Active Triangle Mesh

  • Passive Triangle Mesh: Can be set to 0 most of the time.

Dynamics

Reference

Panel

Physics ‣ Rigid Body ‣ Dynamics

Used to control the physics of the rigid body simulation. This panel is available only for Active type of rigid bodies.

Damping
Translation

Amount of linear velocity that is lost over time.

Rotation

Amount of angular velocity that is lost over time.

Deactivation
Enable Deactivation

Enable deactivation of resting rigid bodies. Allows object to be deactivated during the simulation (improves the performance and stability, but can cause glitches).

Start Deactivated

Starts objects deactivated. They are activated on collision with other objects.

Linear Velocity

Specifies the linear deactivation velocity below which the rigid body is deactivated and simulation stops simulating object.

Angular Velocity

Specifies the angular deactivation velocity below which the rigid body is deactivated and simulation stops simulating object.