ナイフ

Reference

Mode

Edit Mode

Tool

Toolbar ‣ Knife

ショートカットキー

K

The Knife tool can be used to interactively subdivide (cut up) geometry by drawing lines or closed loops to create holes.

使用方法

When using Knife, the cursor changes to an icon of a scalpel and the header changes to display options for the tool. You can draw connected straight lines by clicking LMB, marked with small green squares. Red squares are already defined cuts. Surrounding red squares mean that there is a cut already in that position, so no additional vertex will be created (besides the first one).

If multiple objects are selected before entering Edit Mode, then knife cuts will affect all of those objects.

../../../_images/modeling_meshes_tools_knife_line-before.png

Mesh before knife cut.

../../../_images/modeling_meshes_tools_knife_line-active.png

Knife cut active.

../../../_images/modeling_meshes_tools_knife_line-after.png

After confirming knife cut.

ツールセッティング

Occlude Geometry

Only cut geometry visible on screen.

Only Selected Shift-K

Only cuts through selected geometry.

X-Ray

Show cut points on non-visible geometry too, when Occlude Geometry is deactivated.

Measurement

Which visible measurements to show.

Distance, Angle, None, Both

Angle Snapping

Whether or not dragged lines should be constrained to particular angles, and if so, which coordinate system the angle is relative to.

None, Screen, Relative

Angle Snapping Increment

When angle snapping is on, the angle will be constrained to a multiple of this angle.

Controls

Confirm Spacebar or Return

Confirms the cut. Return will leave selected every edge except the new edges created from the cut.

Cancel Esc

Cancels the cut.

Draw a Continuous Line LMB drag.

So you can draw a free-hand line over a surface, points will be created at edge intersections.

Close Loop double-click LMB

This is a quick way to close the loop you are currently cutting.

New Cut RMB

Begins a new cut. This allows you to define multiple distinct cut lines. If multiple cuts have been defined, they are recognized as new snapping points.

../../../_images/modeling_meshes_tools_knife_multiple-before.png

Creating multiple cuts.

../../../_images/modeling_meshes_tools_knife_multiple-after.png

Result of starting new cuts while in the tool.

Midpoint Snap Shift

Hold to snap the cursor to the midpoint of edges, meaning that all cuts will be performed at the exact center of each cut edge.

Ignore Snap Ctrl

Hold to make the tool ignore snapping, unlike the default where mouse cursor snaps to near edges.

Cut Through: C

Allow the Cut tool to cut through to occluded faces, instead of only the visible ones.

Angle Constrain A

Constrains the cut line to certain degree increments. The increment can be specified in the Tool Settings (see above), or can be typed when angle constraining is active. The default angles are in the plane of the screen, but typing A again makes it relative to the last cut edge. If the last cut edge is ambiguous (because the cut was on a vertex), typing R cycles through the possible reference edges.

../../../_images/modeling_meshes_tools_knife_angle-before.png

Constraining cut angle.

../../../_images/modeling_meshes_tools_knife_angle-after.png

Result of constraining cut angle.

Axis Constrain X, Y, or Z

Constrains the cut line to one of the coordinate system axes. Initially it will be the global axis with the given name, but pressing the same key again switches to the object's local axis system. Additionally, if the scene transformation orientation is set to a custom orientation (e.g. from a face), the constraints will be in that coordinate system.

Visible Measurements S

Shows measurements of the cuts being made: angles with respect to a mesh edge, lengths, or both. Pressing S repeatedly cycles between what can be shown.

Only Distance, Only Angles, Both, None

../../../_images/modeling_meshes_tools_knife-measurement-distance.png

Only Distance.

../../../_images/modeling_meshes_tools_knife-measurement-angles.png

Only Angles.

../../../_images/modeling_meshes_tools_knife-measurement-both.png

Both Angles and Distance.

Undo Ctrl-Z

Undoes the previous cut segment. The starting point for the next cut is adjusted accordingly. If a cut is a drag cut, the entire drag cut is undone.

X-Ray Mode V

Toggles whether or not cuts to segments behind the visible geometry are shown.

Known Limitations

Duplicate Vertices

If you experience problems where duplicate vertices are being created by cuts, this is often caused by too large a near/far clipping range.

Try increasing the Clip Start to avoid this problem, see Depth Troubleshooting for details.

Unconnected Cuts

Cuts that begin or end in the middle of a face, will be ignored.

This is constrained by the kinds of geometry Blender can represent.