Chave de luminância

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O painel do nó «Chave de luminância».

O nó do tipo «Chave de luminância» determina os objetos que estão no plano de fundo em relação aos que estão em plano frontal pela diferença dos níveis de luminância (brilho).

Stock footage of explosions, smoke or debris are normally shot against a solid, dark background rather than a green screen. This node can separate the foreground effect from the background. It can also be used for sky replacement for overexposed or gray skies that aren’t suitable for chroma keying.

Dica

Durante a composição de filmagens de coisas que emitem luzes e que possuem um plano de fundo escuro, como fogo, por exemplo, um nó do tipo :doc: misturar </compositing/types/color/mix> usando um operador do tipo Tela ou Adicionar irá produzir os melhores resultados.

Entradas

Imagem

A entrada de imagem padrão.

Propriedades

Limite
Alto(a)

Determines the lowest values that are considered foreground. (Which is supposed to be – relatively – light: from this value to 1.0.)

Baixo(a)

Determines the highest values that are considered to be background objects. (Which is supposed to be – relatively – dark: from 0.0 to this value.)

Nota

Os níveis de brilho entre os dois valores perfazem uma gradiente de transparência entre os objetos de plano frontal e plano de fundo.

Saídas

Imagem

Uma imagem com canal alfa ajustado para a seleção contendo as chaves inseridas.

Tela

A black-and-white alpha mask of the key.

Exemplo

For this example the model was shot against a white background. Using the Luminance Key node, we get a matte out where the background is white, and the model is black; the opposite of what we want. If we wanted to use the matte, we have to switch the white and the black. How to do this? Color Ramp node to the rescue – we set the left color to White Alpha 1.0, and the right color to be Black Alpha 0.0. Thus, when the Color Ramp gets in black, it spits out white, and vice versa. The reversed mask is shown; its white outline is usable as an alpha mask now.

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Usando o nó «Chave de luminância» com uma inversão.

Now to mix, we do not really need the Alpha Over node; we can just use the mask as our Factor input. In this kinda weird case, we can use the matte directly; we just switch the input nodes. As you can see, since the matte is white (1.0) where we do not want to use the model picture, we feed the background photo to the bottom socket (recall the Mix node uses the top socket where the factor is 0.0, and the bottom socket where the factor is 1.0). Feeding our original photo into the top socket means it will be used where the Luminance Key node has spit out Black. Voilà, our model is teleported from Atlanta to aboard a cruise ship docked in Miami.