World Settings

Ambient Occlusion

Reference

Panel

World ‣ Ambient Occlusion

Ambient occlusion is a lighting method based on how much a point on a surface is occluded by nearby surfaces. It simulates soft global illumination shadows by faking darkness perceived in corners and at mesh intersections, creases, and cracks, where ambient light is occluded, or blocked. This is a trick that is not physically accurate, but it is useful to emphasize the shapes of surfaces, or as a cheap way to get an effect that looks a bit like indirect lighting.

Factor

The strength of the ambient occlusion; value 1.0 is like a white world shader.

Distance

Distance from shading point to trace rays. A shorter distance emphasizes nearby features, while longer distances make it also take objects farther away into account.

Lighting from ambient occlusion is only applied to diffuse reflection BSDFs; glossy or transmission BSDFs are not affected. Transparency of surfaces will be taken into account, i.e. a half-transparent surface will only half occlude.

An alternative method of using Ambient Occlusion on a per-shader basis is to use the Ambient Occlusion shader.

Mist Pass

Reference

Panel

World ‣ Mist Pass

Mist can greatly enhance the illusion of depth in your rendering. To create mist, Blender generates a render layer with a depth map ranging between 0.0 and 1.0 that can be used in the Compositor to generate a mist effect.

Start

The distance from the camera at which the mist starts to fade in.

Depth

The distance from Start of the mist, that it fades in over. Objects further from the camera than Start + Depth are completely hidden by the mist.

Falloff

The curve function that controls the rate of change of the mist’s strength further and further into the distance.

Quadratic

Uses the same calculation as light falloff (\(1\over{x^2}\)) and provides the smoothest transition from transparent (0.0) to opaque (1.0).

Linear

Has a steeper start than quadratic (\(1\over{x}\)).

Inverse Quadratic

Has the steepest start (\(1\over{\sqrt{x}}\)) and approaches 1.0 faster than the other two functions.

Vihje

A visualization can be activated in the Camera ‣ Viewport Display panel.

../../_images/render_cycles_world-settings_mist-example1-BI.jpg

Mist example (blend-file).

Settings

Reference

Panel

World ‣ Settings

Surface

Sampling

Controls the sampling method for the world material. Selecting Auto or Manual enables Multiple Importance Sampling while None disables it. Multiple Importance Sampling is a method to sample the background texture such that lighter parts are favored, creating an importance map. It will produce less noise in the render in trade of artifacts (Fireflies). Enable this when using an image texture with small area lights (like the sun), otherwise noise can take a long time to converge.

Below is a comparison between Multiple Importance Sample off and on. Both images are rendered for 25 seconds (Off: 1,500 samples, On: 1,000 samples).

../../_images/render_cycles_world-settings_mis-off.jpg

Multiple Importance Sample off.

../../_images/render_cycles_world-settings_mis-on.jpg

Multiple Importance Sample on.

Map Resolution

Sets the resolution of the importance map. A higher resolution will better detect small features in the map and give more accurate sampling but conversely will take up more memory and render slightly slower. Higher values also may produce less noise when using high-res images.

Max Bounces

Maximal number of bounces the background light will contribute to the render.

Katso myös

See Reducing Noise for more information on how to reduce noise.

Volume

Sampling Method
Distance

For dense volumes lit from far away Distance sampling is more efficient in most cases. Usually this shouldn’t be used for World volumes.

Equiangular

If you have got a light inside or near the volume then equiangular sampling is better.

Multiple Importance

If you have a combination of both, then the multiple importance sampling will be better.

Interpolation

Interpolation method to use for the volume.

Linear

Simple interpolation which gives good results for thin volumes.

Cubic

Smoothed high-quality interpolation needed for more dense volumes, but slower.

Homogeneous Volume

Assume volume has the same density everywhere (not using any textures), for faster rendering. Usually this is automatically determined by the renderer. This settings provides a manual control for cases where it is not detected.

Step Size

Distance between volume shader samples for world volume shaders. See Volume Render Settings for more information.

Ray Visibility

Reference

Panel

World ‣ Ray Visibility

As with other objects, Ray Visibility allows you to control which other shaders can ”see” the environment.

Tricks

Sometimes it may be useful to have a different background that is directly visible versus one that is indirectly lighting the objects. A simple solution to this is to add a Mix node, with the Blend Factor set to Is Camera Ray. The first input color is then the indirect color, and the second the directly visible color. This is useful when using a high-res image for the background and a low-res image for the actual lighting.

Similarly, adding the Is Camera and Is Glossy rays will mean that the high-res image will also be visible in reflections.

../../_images/render_cycles_world-settings_tricks.png

Nodes for the trick above.