Wavefront OBJ

Reference

選單

File ‣ Import/Export ‣ Wavefront (.obj)

OBJ format is a popular plain text format, however, it has only basic geometry and material support.

Note

There is no support for armatures, lights, cameras, empty objects, parenting, or transformations. See Compatibility for more information.

Exporting

Export geometry and curves to the OBJ format.

屬性

Object Properties

Limit to: Selected Only

Only export the selected objects. Otherwise export all objects in the scene.

Scale

Global scale to use on export.

Forward Axis, Up Axis

Since many applications use a different axis for 'Up', there are axis conversion settings, Forward and Up axis -- By mapping these to different axis you can convert rotations between applications default up and forward axis.

Blender uses Y Forward, Z Up (since the front view looks along the +Y direction). For example, its common for applications to use Y as the up axis, in that case -Z Forward, Y Up is needed.

Objects: Apply Modifiers

Export objects using the evaluated mesh, meaning the resulting mesh after all Modifiers have been calculated.

屬性

For properties that have different settings for the viewport/final render pick which is used for output. One example where this is important is the Subdivision Surface Modifier.

Viewport

Use viewport properties.

Render

Use final render properties.

Path Mode

When referencing paths in exported files you may want some control as to the method used since absolute paths may only be correct on your own system. Relative paths, on the other hand, are more portable but mean that you have to keep your files grouped when moving about on your local file system. In some cases, the path doesn't matter since the target application will search a set of predefined paths anyway so you have the option to strip the path too.

Auto

Uses relative paths for files which are in a subdirectory of the exported location, absolute for any directories outside that.

Absolute

Uses full paths.

Relative

Uses relative paths in every case (except when on a different drive on Windows).

Match

Uses relative / absolute paths based on the paths used in Blender.

Strip Path

Only write the filename and omit the path component.

Copy

Copy the file on exporting and reference it with a relative path.

Geometry Properties

UV Coordinates

Write out the active UV layers coordinates from Blender.

Normals

Write out Blender's face and vertex normals (depending on the faces smooth setting).

Mostly this isn't needed since most applications will calculate their own normals but to match Blender's normal map textures you will need to write these too.

Colors

Write out the active vertex colors attribute layer, if present. Colors are exported in "xyzrgb" OBJ extension format.

Materials

Write out the MTL-file along with the OBJ. Most importers that support OBJ will also read the MTL-file.

Triangulated Mesh

Write out quads as two triangles. Some programs only have very basic OBJ support and only support triangles.

Curves as NURBS

Write out NURBS curves as OBJ NURBS rather than converting to geometry.

Grouping Properties

Object Groups

Write out each Blender object as an OBJ object.

Note

Note that as far as Blender is concerned there is no difference between OBJ Groups and Objects, this option is only included for applications that treat them differently.

Material Groups

Generate an OBJ group for each part of a geometry using a different material.

Vertex Groups

Export the name of the vertex group of a face. It is approximated by choosing the vertex group with the most members among the vertices of a face.

Smooth Groups

Write Blender's sharp edges as smooth groups.

Smooth Group Bitflags

Generate Bitflags for smooth Groups.

動畫

動畫

Exports a numbered OBJ for each frame from the start to the end frame. Please be aware that this can take quite a long time.

Frame Start, End

The first and last frame to export, used to determine the range of exported frames.

Compatibility

NURBS surfaces, text3D and metaballs are converted to meshes at export time.

Importing

Import geometry and curves to the OBJ format.

If there is a matching .MTL for the OBJ then its materials will be imported too.

屬性

Transform

Scale

Value by which to scale the imported objects in relation to the world's origin.

Clamp Bounding Box

OBJ-files often vary greatly in scale, this setting clamps the imported file to a fixed size.

Forward Axis, Up Axis

Since many applications use a different axis for 'Up', these are axis conversion for these settings, Forward and Up axes -- By mapping these to different axes you can convert rotations between applications default up and forward axes.

Blender uses Y Forward, Z Up (since the front view looks along the +Y direction). For example, it's common for applications to use Y as the up axis, in that case -Z Forward, Y Up is needed.

選項

Vertex Groups

Import OBJ groups as vertex groups.

Validate Meshes

Checks the imported mesh data for errors and corrects them if needed. This slows down the importing process but can fix glitches in the imported mesh.