Viewport Shading

Reference

Mode

所有模式

Header

shading-icon Viewport Shading

Shortcut

Z Shift-Z

Blender offers different shading modes for helping with different tasks. For example, Solid shading is well-suited for modeling, while Rendered is useful for setting up lighting.

The radio buttons let you change the shading mode, while the dropdown button opens a popover with additional options described below.

Pressing Z opens a pie menu for changing the shading mode. Pressing Shift-Z switches between the current shading mode and Wireframe.

Wireframe

Only displays the edges (wireframes) of the objects in the scene.

色彩
Single

All objects get shaded using the same single color.

Object

Use the color from the object's Viewport Display settings.

Random

Each object gets displayed in a random color.

Background

How the background is displayed in the 3D Viewport.

Theme

Use the background of the theme. This can be configured in the Themes Preferences under 3D Viewport ‣ Theme Space ‣ Gradient Colors.

World

Use the color from the World's Viewport Display options.

Viewport

Select a custom color for the background of the 3D Viewport.

選項
X-Ray Alt-Z

Make objects transparent, allowing you to see and select items that would otherwise be occluded. The slider controls object opacity.

Outline

Draw an outline around objects. The color of the outline can be adjusted.

Solid

This mode utilizes the Workbench Render Engine to render the 3D Viewport. It shows solid geometry but uses simplified shading and lighting without the use of shader nodes. Solid mode is good for modeling and sculpting, and is really useful with the multitude of options to emphasize certain geometric features.

Lighting

How lights are computed.

Flat

Do not calculate any lighting. The base color of the scene will be rendered.

Studio

Use studio lights to light the objects. The studio lights can be configured in the preferences. Studio lights can follow the camera or be fixed. When fixed the angle of the lights can be adjusted.

World Space Lighting

Uses world space lighting so lights do not follow the view camera.

Rotation

The rotation of the studio lights on the Z axis.

MatCap

Use a material capture to light the objects in the scene. MatCaps can be flipped horizontally by clicking the Flip MatCap button.

Custom MatCaps can be loaded in the preferences.

色彩

The source to compute the color for objects in the viewport.

Material

Use the color that can be set per material in the Viewport Display Material panel.

Object

Use the color that can be set per object in the Viewport Display Object panel.

Attribute

Display the active Color Attribute of an object. When an object has no active Color Attribute it will be rendered in the color set in the Viewport Display Object panel.

Single

Render the whole scene using a single color. The color can be chosen.

Random

A random color will be selected for every object in the scene.

Texture

Show the texture from the active image texture node using the active UV map coordinates When an object has no active texture the object will be rendered with the settings in the Viewport Display Material panel.

Background

How the background is displayed in the 3D Viewport.

Theme

Use the background of the theme. This can be configured in the Themes Preferences under 3D Viewport ‣ Theme Space ‣ Gradient Colors.

World

Use the color from the World's Viewport Display options.

Viewport

Select a custom color for the background of the 3D Viewport.

選項

Backface Culling

Use backface culling to hide backsides of faces.

X-Ray

Render the scene transparent. With the slider you can control how transparent the scene should appear.

Shadow

Renders a sharp shadow in the scene.

Darkness

Defines how dark the shadow should be rendered. This slider can be adjusted between 0 (shadow not visible) and 1 (shadow is black).

Light Direction

Controls the direction of the light source that casts the shadows.

Shadow Shift

Controls the Shadow termination angle. It can be used to limit self shadowing artifacts.

Shadow Focus

Controls the falloff near the edge of the shadow.

Cavity

Highlight ridges and valleys in the scene geometry.

Type

Method how to calculate the cavity.

World

More precise but is slower to calculate.

Screen

Fast but does not take the size of the ridges and valleys into account.

Both

Both will use both methods.

Ridge

Control the visibility of ridges.

Valley

Control the visibility of valleys.

Depth of Field

Use the Depth of Field settings of the active camera in the viewport. Only visible when looking through the camera.

The settings are located on Properties ‣ Camera ‣ Depth of Field panel.

Outline

Render the outline of objects in the viewport. The color of the outline can be adjusted.

Specular Highlighting

Render specular highlights.

Note

Only available when Lighting is set to Studio lighting or when a MatCap has been selected that contains a specular pass.

Material Preview

Render the 3D Viewport with Eevee and an HDRI environment. This mode is particularly suited for previewing materials and painting textures. You can select different lighting conditions to test your materials.

Note

The Material Preview shading mode is not available when the scene's render engine is set to Workbench.

Lighting
Scene Lights

Use the lights in the scene. When disabled (or when the scene contains no lights), a virtual light is used instead.

Scene World

Use the World of the scene. When disabled, a world will be constructed with the following options:

HDRI Environment

The environment map used to light the scene.

Rotation

The rotation of the environment on the Z axis.

World Space Lighting

Makes the lighting rotation fixed and not follow the camera.

Strength

Light intensity of the environment.

World Opacity

Opacity of the HDRI as a background image in the viewport.

Blur

Factor to unfocus the HDRI. Note that this does not change the diffusion of the lighting, only the appearance of the background.

Render Pass

Instead of the combined render, show a specific render pass. Useful to analyze and debug geometry, materials and lighting.

Compositor

Controls the enablement of the compositor in the viewport. If enabled, the scene compositor node tree will be evaluated using the Realtime Compositor and the output will be displayed directly in the viewport.

Disabled

Always disabled.

Camera

Enabled only in camera view.

Always

Always enabled regardless of the view.

Tip

Since it might be difficult to control the look of the viewport compositor due to changes in the aspect ratio, pan, and zoom of the viewport, one can limit the compositing space to the camera region by changing to Camera View and setting Passepartout to 1, that is, make the areas outside of the camera view completely opaque.

Rendered

Render the 3D Viewport using the scene's Render Engine, for interactive rendering. This gives you a preview of the final result, including scene lighting effects.

The options are the same as for Material Preview, except that the Render Pass selector will offer different passes if the scene uses the Cycles render engine.