File Browser

The File Browser is used in all the file-related operations. These include:

  • Opening and saving blend-files.

  • Browsing inside other blend-files, when appending or linking data-blocks, see Linked Libraries.

  • Importing from/exporting to other file formats.

  • Picking new locations for existing file paths (images, videos, fonts…).

The most common way to use this editor is through modal operators (like opening or saving a blend-file). The File Browser will appear in a new window, waiting for the operation to complete, and then close returning the main window.

You can us the File Browser as any other editor type, to browse through the file system. The main purpose of this is to be able to drag-and-drop from the File Browser into other editors.

../_images/editors_file-browser_editor.png

The File Browser.

Interface

Main Region

The main region of the file browser acts similar to the file browser built into you operating system. The region contains an array of files, folders, or internal blend-file data in a grid or list of items. You can navigate, select, and edit these items just as you would in your operating system’s file browser.

Previews

In its Thumbnail display mode, the File Browser supports many types of previews. These include:

  • Image and video formats

  • Fonts

  • Blend-files

  • Internal Data-blocks

In order to get previews for data-block, there previews must be generated. See Blend-files Previews for how to generate and manage Blender data previews.

../_images/editors_file-browser_previews.png

The File Browser in Thumbnail mode.

File Path Region

The File Path is above the main region and can aid in navigating and adjust how items are displayed.

Previous Folder Backspace, Alt-Left

Move to previous folder (in navigation history).

Next Folder Shift-Backspace, Alt-Right

Move to next folder (in navigation history).

Parent File P, Alt-Up

Move up to parent directory.

Refresh File List R, NumpadPeriod

Refresh current folder.

Create Directory I

Will ask you to confirm and create a new directory inside current one, scroll to it in the main view, and let you enter its name.

File Path

Text field for the current folder path. Tab will auto-complete an existing path. If you type a nonexistent directory path, you will be prompted to create that new directory.

Display Mode (Anzeige)

Controls how files are displayed.

Vertical List

Displays files and folders in a vertical list.

Horizontal List

Displays files and folders in a horizontal list.

Thumbnails

Shows previews.

Display Settings

Display Size

The size of the thumbnails, or the width of the columns.

Recursion

The number of directory levels to show at once in a flat way.

None

List only the current directory content.

Blend File

List the whole content of a blend-file (only available when linking or appending data-blocks).

One Levels

List all sub-directories’ content, one level of recursion.

Two Levels

List all sub-directories’ content, two level of recursion.

Three Levels

List all sub-directories’ content, three levels of recursion

Hinweis

Showing several levels of directories at once can be handy to e.g. see your whole collection of textures, even if you have arranged them in a nice set of directories to avoid having hundreds of files in a single place.

In the Append/Link case, showing the content of the whole blend-file will allow you to link different types of data-blocks in a single operation.

Warnung

The more levels you show at once, the more time it will take to list them all (typically, it will be exponential, showing three levels at once may take three orders of magnitude more time to be fully listed).

Sort By

Sorts items by one of the four methods:

Name

Sort the file list alphabetically.

Extension

Sort the file list by extension/type.

Modified Date

Sort files by modification time.

Size

Sort files by size.

Filter Settings

On the right side of the file path are the filtering options. The first „funnel“ button controls whether filtering is enabled or not.

File Types

Filters files by categories, like folders, blend-files, images, etc.

Blender IDs

When appending or linking, you can also filter by data-block categories, like scenes, animations, materials, etc.

Show Hidden H

Shows hidden files (starting with a .).

Execution Region

File Name

Text field to edit the file name and extension. When saving, if the background is red, a file with same name already exists in the folder. Tab will auto-complete to existing names in the current directory.

Increment Filename -, +

Removes/Decreases or adds/increases a trailing number to your file name (used e.g. to store different versions of a file).

Cancel Esc

Cancels the file selection (and the underlying operation), and closes the File Browser. Using the Back to Previous button in the Topbar will have the same effect.

Confirm Return

The main button to validate the operation, which defines its name. Double-clicking on a non-directory item will have the same effect.

Source List Region

The left region displays different ways to quickly access some directories. The region is divided into separate panels each containing a UI List of directories. Clicking on one of the directories will immediately navigate to that folder.

Volumes

Contains all OS-defined available volumes, e.g. drives or network mounts.

System

Contains OS-defined common directories, like the main user folder…

Bookmarks

Contains folders that you want to be able to access often without having to navigate to them in the File Browser. To the right of that list are buttons to perform basic management actions on your bookmarks, e.g. add/remove an entry, move it up or down in the list, etc.

Recent

Contains recently accessed folders.

The X button to the right allows you to fully erase this list.

You can control how many folders appear in this list with the Recent Files number field of the Save & Load tab in the Preferences.

Operator Options Region

The right region shows the options of the calling operator. Besides common actions listed below, many import/export add-ons will also expose their options there.

Open, Save, Save As Blender File

See Opening & Saving.

Open, Replace, Save As Image

See Unterstützte Bildformate.

Link/Append from Library

See Linked libraries.

For the common option:

Relative Path

Vergleiche Relative Paths.

Header Region

Often the header for the file browser is hidden as most of the functionality is contained in the regions described above.

You will find two small menus, one with you standard editor View controls and the other to expose a few Selecting operators for the sake of discoverability.

Selecting

Select

Both LMB and RMB clicks work. Holding Shift will extend the items selection.

(De)select All A

Toggles selecting all files.

Ziehen

Dragging with LMB starts a box selection.

Bemerkung

You can always select several entries in the File Browser, the last selected one is considered as the active one. If the calling operation expects a single path (like e.g. the main blend-file Open one), it will get that active item’s path, other selected ones will just be ignored.

Arrow Keys

It is also possible to select/deselect files by „walking“ through them using the arrow keys:

  • Just using an arrow key, the next file in the chosen direction will be selected and all others deselected.

  • Holding down Shift while doing this does not deselect anything so it extends to the selection, plus it allows to deselect files by navigating into a block of already selected ones (minimum two files in sequence).

  • Holding down Shift-Ctrl further selects/deselects all files in between.

If no file is selected, the arrow key navigation selects the first or last file in the directory, depending on the arrow direction.

If you select a directory and hit Return, you will go into that directory (and highlighting ‚parent‘ .. entry will bring you up one level).

Editing

Delete Files Delete, X

Delete the currently selected files or directories by moving them to the operating system’s „trash“.

Note, on Linux deleting directories requires KDE or GNOME.

Rename F2

Change the name for the currently selected file or directory.