Viewport Shading

Riferimento

Modalità:

Tutte le Modalità

Intestazione:

shading-icon Viewport Shading

Scorciatoia:

Z Shift-Z

Blender offers different shading modes for helping with different tasks. For example, Solid shading is well-suited for modeling, while Rendered is useful for setting up lighting.

The radio buttons let you change the shading mode, while the drop-down button opens a popover with additional options described below.

Pressing Z opens a pie menu for changing the shading mode. Pressing Shift-Z switches between the current shading mode and Wireframe.

Wire Color

How the wireframes are colored. This affects the object outline, wireframe overlay, and wireframe shading mode.

Singolo:

All objects get shaded using the same single color.

Oggetto:

Use the color from the object’s Viewport Display settings.

Casuale:

Each object gets displayed in a random color.

Wireframe

Only displays the edges (wireframes) of the objects in the scene.

Sfondo

Come viene visualizzato lo sfondo nella vista 3D.

Tema:

Use the background of the theme. This can be configured in the Themes Preferences under 3D Viewport ‣ Theme Space ‣ Gradient Colors.

Mondo:

Use the color from the World’s Viewport Display options.

Viewport:

Seleziona un colore personalizzato per lo sfondo della Vista 3D.

Opzioni
X-Ray Alt-Z

Make objects transparent, allowing you to see and select items that would otherwise be occluded. The slider controls object opacity.

Contorno

Draw an outline around objects. The color of the outline can be adjusted.

Solido

This mode utilizes the Workbench Render Engine to render the 3D Viewport. It shows solid geometry but uses simplified shading and lighting without the use of shader nodes. Solid mode is good for modeling and sculpting, and is really useful with the multitude of options to emphasize certain geometric features.

Illuminazione

How lights are computed.

Flat:

Do not calculate any lighting. The base color of the scene will be rendered.

Studio:

Use studio lights to light the objects. The studio lights can be configured in the preferences. Studio lights can follow the camera or be fixed. When fixed the angle of the lights can be adjusted.

World Space Lighting

Uses world space lighting so lights do not follow the view camera.

Rotazione

The rotation of the studio lights on the Z axis.

MatCap:

Use a material capture to light the objects in the scene. MatCaps can be flipped horizontally by clicking the Flip MatCap button.

Custom MatCaps can be loaded in the preferences.

Colore

The source to compute the color for objects in the viewport.

Materiale:

Use the color that can be set per material in the Viewport Display Materiale panel.

Oggetto:

Usa il colore che può essere impostato per l’oggetto nel pannello Visualizzazione Vista Oggetto.

Attribute:

Display the active Color Attribute of an object. When an object has no active Color Attribute it will be rendered in the color set in the Viewport Display Oggetto panel.

Singolo:

Render the whole scene using a single color. The color can be chosen.

Casuale:

Verrà selezionato un colore casuale per ogni oggetto nella scena.

Texture:

Show the texture from the active image texture node using the active UV map coordinates When an object has no active texture the object will be rendered with the settings in the Viewport Display Materiale panel.

Sfondo

Come viene visualizzato lo sfondo nella vista 3D.

Tema:

Use the background of the theme. This can be configured in the Themes Preferences under 3D Viewport ‣ Theme Space ‣ Gradient Colors.

Mondo:

Use the color from the World’s Viewport Display options.

Viewport:

Seleziona un colore personalizzato per lo sfondo della Vista 3D.

Opzioni

Abbattimento della faccia posteriore

Use backface culling to hide backsides of faces.

Raggi X

Render the scene transparent. With the slider you can control how transparent the scene should appear.

Ombra

Renders a sharp shadow in the scene.

Darkness

Defines how dark the shadow should be rendered. This slider can be adjusted between 0 (shadow not visible) and 1 (shadow is black).

Light Direction

Controls the direction of the light source that casts the shadows.

Shadow Shift

Controls the Shadow termination angle. It can be used to limit self shadowing artifacts.

Shadow Focus

Controls the falloff near the edge of the shadow.

Cavity

Highlight ridges and valleys in the scene geometry.

Tipo

Method how to calculate the cavity.

Mondo:

More precise but is slower to calculate.

Schermo:

Fast but does not take the size of the ridges and valleys into account.

Both:

Both will use both methods.

Ridge

Control the visibility of ridges.

Valley

Control the visibility of valleys.

Depth of Field

Use the Depth of Field settings of the active camera in the viewport. Only visible when looking through the camera.

The settings are located on Properties ‣ Camera ‣ Depth of Field panel.

Contorno

Renderizza il contorno degli oggetti nella vista. È possibile regolare il colore del contorno.

Specular Highlighting

Render specular highlights.

Nota

Only available when Lighting is set to Studio lighting or when a MatCap has been selected that contains a specular pass.

Anteprima Materiale

Render the 3D Viewport with EEVEE and an HDRI environment. This mode is particularly suited for previewing materials and painting textures. You can select different lighting conditions to test your materials.

Nota

The Material Preview shading mode is not available when the scene’s render engine is set to Workbench.

Illuminazione
Luci Scena

Use the lights in the scene. When disabled (or when the scene contains no lights), a virtual light is used instead.

Mondo Scena

Use the World of the scene. When disabled, a world will be constructed with the following options:

Ambiente HDRI

La mappa ambientale utilizzata per illuminare la scena.

Rotazione

La rotazione dell’ambiente sull’asse Z.

World Space Lighting

Makes the lighting rotation fixed and not follow the camera.

Forza

Intensità luminosa dell’ambiente.

Opacità Mondo

Opacity of the HDRI as a background image in the viewport.

Sfocatura

Factor to unfocus the HDRI. Note that this does not change the diffusion of the lighting, only the appearance of the background.

Render Pass

Instead of the combined render, show a specific render pass. Useful to analyze and debug geometry, materials and lighting.

Compositor

Controls the enablement of the compositor in the viewport. If enabled, the scene compositor node tree will be evaluated using the GPU Compositor and the output will be displayed directly in the viewport.

Disabilitato:

Always disabled.

Telecamera:

Enabled only in camera view.

Always:

Always enabled regardless of the view.

Suggerimento

Since it might be difficult to control the look of the viewport compositor due to changes in the aspect ratio, pan, and zoom of the viewport, one can limit the compositing space to the camera region by changing to Camera View, which should make the results better match the final render.

Renderizzato

Render the 3D Viewport using the scene’s Render Engine, for interactive rendering. This gives you a preview of the final result, including scene lighting effects.

The options are the same as for Material Preview, except that the Render Pass selector will offer different passes if the scene uses the Cycles render engine.