The Shrinkwrap constraint is the "object counterpart" of the Shrinkwrap Modifier. It moves the owner origin and therefore the owner object's location to the surface of its target.
This implies that the target must have a surface. In fact, the constraint is even more selective, as it can only use meshes as targets. Hence, the Shrinkwrap option is only shown in the Add Constraint to Active Object menu, Ctrl-Alt-C, (or its bone's equivalent), when the selected inactive object is a mesh.
This number field controls the offset of the owner from the shrunk computed position on the target's surface.
Controls the percentage of affect the constraint has on the object. See common constraint properties for more information.
This selector allows you to select which method to use to compute the point on the target's surface to which to move the owner's origin. You have these options:
Nearest Surface Point(最近接表面の点)
The chosen target's surface's point will be the nearest one to the original owner's location. This is the default and most commonly useful option.
The target's surface point is determined by projecting the owner's origin along a given axis.
- Project Axis
This axis is controlled by the radio buttons that show up when you select this type. This mean the projection axis can only be aligned with one of the three axes, or their opposites. When the projection of the owner's origin along the selected direction does not hit the target's surface, the owner's location is left unchanged.
+X, +Y, +Z, -X, -Y, -Z
Coordinate space in which the axis direction is specified.
Distance cutoff after which projection is assumed to have failed, leaving the location unchanged.
- Project Opposite
In addition to the selected projection axis, project in the opposite direction and choose the closest hit.
- Face Cull(面を間引く)
This radio button allows you to prevent any projection over the "front side" (respectively the "back side") of the target's faces. The "side" of a face is determined by its normal (front being the side "from where" the normal "originates").
Off, Front, Back
- Invert Cull(非投影面を反転)
When used with Project Opposite and Face Culling, it inverts the Front or Back cull choice for the opposite direction.
This method is very similar to the Nearest Surface Point one, except that the owner's possible shrink locations are limited to the target's vertices.
This method doesn't support the Snap Mode setting described below.
Target Normal Projection
This method is similar to Nearest Surface Point, but produces a much smoother projection in return for being significantly slower.
Instead of finding the closest point, it searches for the nearest point that has its interpolated smooth normal pointing towards or away from the original owner position. Non-manifold boundary edges are specially handled as infinitely thin cylinders that emit normals in all perpendicular directions. Ignores flat shading and auto smooth settings.
Most Shrinkwrap types support an additional setting to control how the owner is moved to the target point selected by the methods described above. Some of the choices only differ if Distance is not zero.
- On Surface(サーフェス上)
The owner location is always changed. The offset is applied along the projection line connecting the original owner location and selected target point towards the original position.
- Outside Surface(サーフェスの外側)
On Surface(サーフェス上) と同様ですが、オフセットは常にターゲットの外側に向かって適用されます。
- Above Surface(サーフェスの上)
On Surface(サーフェス上) と同様ですが、オフセットはターゲットの滑らかな法線に沿って適用されます。
The owner is not moved if it is already inside the target. Offset shrinks the allowed volume towards the inside along the projection line.
The owner is not moved if it is already outside the target. Offset expands the exclusion volume towards the outside along the projection line.
Inside(内側) と Outside(外側) オプションは、非常に大雑把なコリジョン検出に使用できます。内側と外側の決定は、ターゲットの法線に基づいて行われ、ターゲットメッシュの90度とより鋭い角度の近くで常に安定しているとは限りません。
Align To Normal
Whenever Snap Mode is available, it is also possible to align the specified local axis of the object to the smooth normal of the target at the selected point. The axis is selected via radio buttons.
The alignment is performed via smallest rotation, like in Damped Track constraint.