UV Operators

Reference

Editor:

3D Viewport

Mode:

Edit Mode

Menu:

Header ‣ UV

Atalho:

U

Blender offers several ways of mapping UVs. The simpler projection methods use formulas that map 3D space onto 2D space, by interpolating the position of points toward a point/axis/plane through a surface. The more advanced methods can be used with more complex models, and have more specific uses.

Desdobrar

Reference

Editor:

3D Viewport and UV Editor

Mode:

Edit Mode

Menu:

UV ‣ Unwrap

Atalho:

U

Flattens the mesh surface by cutting along seams. Useful for organic shapes.

Begin by selecting all the faces you want to unwrap. In the 3D Viewport, select UV ‣ Unwrap or U and select Unwrap. You can also do this from the UV Editor with UV ‣ Unwrap or U. This method will unwrap all faces and reset previous work. The UVs menu will appear in the UV Editor after unwrapping has been performed once.

../../../_images/modeling_meshes_editing_uv_unwrap-example.png

Resultado do desdobramento da malha da Suzanne.

This operation unwraps the faces of the object to provide the «best fit» scenario based on how the faces are connected and will fit within the image, and takes into account any seams within the selected faces. If possible, each selected face gets its own different area of the image and is not overlapping any other faces UVs. If all faces of an object are selected, then each face is mapped to a part of the image.

Opções

The Adjust Last Operation panel allows fine control over how a mesh is unwrapped:

Method
Usar ângulos como base:

Uses Angle Based Flattening (ABF). This method gives a good 2D representation of a mesh.

Conformante:

Uses Least Squares Conformal Mapping (LSCM). This usually results in a less accurate UV mapping than Angle Based, but performs better on simpler objects.

Preencher lacunas

Activating Fill Holes will prevent overlapping from occurring and better represent any holes in the UV regions.

Corrigir aspecto

Mapeia as UVs levando em conta a proporção de aspecto da imagem.

Use Subdivision Surface

Mapeia as UVs obtendo a posição do vértices após o modificador de subdivisão de superfície ter sido aplicado.

Margin Method

See Empacotar ilhas for a description of this option.

Margens

See Empacotar ilhas for a description of this parameter.

Dica

A face’s UV image texture only has to use part of the image, not the whole image. Also, portions of the same image can be shared by multiple faces. A face can be mapped to less and less of the total image.

Projeção UV inteligente

Reference

Editor:

3D Viewport

Mode:

Edit Mode

Menu:

UV ‣ Smart UV Project

Atalho:

U

Smart UV Project, cuts a mesh based on an angle threshold (angular changes in your mesh). This gives you fine control over how automatic seams are created. It is a good method for simple and complex geometric forms, such as mechanical objects or architecture.

This algorithm examines the shape of your object, the selected faces and their relation to one another, and creates a UV map based on this information and settings that you supply.

In the example below, the Smart Mapper mapped all of the faces of a cube to a neat arrangement of three sides on top, three sides on the bottom, for all six sides of the cube to fit squarely, just like the faces of the cube.

../../../_images/modeling_meshes_editing_uv_smart-project.png

A projeção inteligente aplicada em um cubo.

For more complex mechanical objects, this operator can quickly and easily create a regular and straightforward UV layout.

Opções

The Adjust Last Operation panel allows fine control over how a mesh is unwrapped:

Limite angular

This controls how faces are grouped: a higher limit will lead to many small groups but less distortion, while a lower limit will create fewer groups at the expense of more distortion.

Margin Method

See Empacotar ilhas for a description of this option.

Margens das ilhas

This controls how tightly the UV islands are packed together. A higher number will add more space between islands.

Peso de área

Vetor de projeções de peso pelas faces com áreas mais largas.

Pacote Lightmap

Reference

Editor:

3D Viewport

Mode:

Edit Mode

Menu:

UV ‣ Lightmap Pack

Atalho:

U

Lightmap Pack takes each of a mesh’s faces, or selected faces, and packs them into the UV bounds. Lightmaps are used primarily in realtime rendering, where lighting information is baked onto texture maps, when it is needed to use as much UV space as possible. It can also work on several meshes at once. It has several options that appear in the Adjust Last Operation panel:

You can set the operation to map just Selected Faces or All Faces if working with a single mesh.

The Selected Mesh Object option works on multiple meshes. To use this, in Object Mode select several mesh objects, then go into Edit Mode and perform the operation.

Opções

Share Texture Space

This is useful if mapping more than one mesh. It attempts to fit all of the objects” faces in the UV bounds without overlapping.

Novo mapa UV

If mapping multiple meshes, this option creates a new UV map for each mesh. See Mapas UV.

Qualidade de empacotamento

Pre-packing before the more complex Box packing.

Margens

This controls how tightly the UV islands are packed together. A higher number will add more space between islands.

Seguir os quadriláteros ativos

Reference

Editor:

3D Viewport

Mode:

Edit Mode

Menu:

UV ‣ Follow Active Quads

Atalho:

U

Extrapolate UV’s based on the active quad by following continuous face loops, even if the mesh face is irregularly-shaped.

Opções

Edge Length Mode

Method to space UV edge loops.

Uniformizar:

Space all UVs evenly, where the shape of the quad in the 3D viewport is ignored.

Length:

Each face’s UV’s are calculated based on the edge length.

While this minimizes distortion, adjacent loops may become disconnected.

Length Average:

Média de espaçamento do comprimento das arestas UV em cada anel.

This has the benefit of minimizing distortion, while keeping UV’s connected.

Nota

For a clean 90-degree unwrap it’s typically best to first make sure the quad a rectangle in UV space.

Otherwise any distortion in the active UV is extended which doesn’t result in a useful grid-layout.

Nota

The resulting unwrap is not clamped within the UV bounds, you may wish to scale down the active quad’s UV’s so the result is in a usable range.

Projeção cúbica

Reference

Editor:

3D Viewport

Mode:

Edit Mode

Menu:

UV ‣ Cube Projection

Atalho:

U

Cube Projection maps the mesh onto the faces of a cube, which is then unfolded. It projects the mesh onto six separate planes, creating six UV islands. In the UV editor, these will appear overlapped, but can be moved. See Editing UVs.

Opções

Tamanho de cubo

Set the size of the cube to be projected onto.

Corrigir aspecto

Map UVs will take the image’s aspect ratio into consideration. If an image has already been mapped to the Texture Space that is non-square, the projection will take this into account and distort the mapping to appear correctly.

Cortar para os limites

Any UVs that lie outside the (0 to 1) range will be clipped to that range by being moved to the UV space border it is closest to.

Escalonar para as margens

If the UV map is larger than the (0 to 1) range, the entire map will be scaled to fit inside.

Cylinder Projection

Reference

Editor:

3D Viewport

Mode:

Edit Mode

Menu:

UV ‣ Cylinder Projection

Atalho:

U

Normally, to unwrap a cylinder (tube) as if you slit it lengthwise and folded it flat, Blender wants the view to be vertical, with the tube standing «up». Different views will project the tube onto the UV map differently, skewing the image if used. However, you can set the axis on which the calculation is done manually.

Opções

Direção
Visualização nos polos:

Use when viewing from the top (at a pole) by using an axis that is straight down from the view.

Visualização no equador:

Use if view is looking at the equator, by using a vertical axis.

Alinhar a objeto:

Uses the object’s transform to calculate the axis.

Alinhar

How to determine rotation around the pole.

Polo ZX:

O polo 0 está no eixo X.

Polo ZY:

O polo 0 está no eixo Y.

Polo

How to handle faces at the poles.

Pinch:

UVs are pinched at the poles.

Fan:

UVs are fanned at the poles.

Preserve Seams

Separate projections by islands isolated by seams.

Raio

O raio do cilindro que será utilizado.

Corrigir aspecto

Map UVs will take the image’s aspect ratio into consideration. If an image has already been mapped to a Texture Space that is non-square, the projection will take this into account and distort the mapping to appear correctly.

Cortar para os limites

Any UVs that lie outside the (0 to 1) range will be clipped to that range by being moved to the UV space border it is closest to.

Escalonar para as margens

If the UV map is larger than the (0 to 1) range, the entire map will be scaled to fit inside.

Sphere Projection

Reference

Editor:

3D Viewport

Mode:

Edit Mode

Menu:

UV ‣ Sphere Projection

Atalho:

U

Spherical mapping is similar to cylinder but the difference is that a cylindrical mapping projects the UVs on a plane toward the cylinder shape, while a spherical map takes into account the sphere’s curvature, and each latitude line becomes evenly spaced. Sphere Projection is useful for spherical shapes, like eyes, planets, etc.

Recall the opening cartographer’s approaching to mapping the world? Well, you can achieve the same here when unwrapping a sphere from different points of view. Normally, to unwrap a sphere, view the sphere with the poles at the top and bottom. After unwrapping, Blender will give you an equirectangular projection; the point at the equator facing you will be in the middle of the image. A polar view will give a very different but common projection map. Using an equirectangular projection map of the earth as the UV image will give a good planet mapping onto the sphere.

../../../_images/modeling_meshes_editing_uv_sphere-projection.png

Using an equirectangular image with a Sphere Projection.

Opções

Direção

Direction of the sphere.

Visualização nos polos:

Use when viewing from the top (at a pole) by using an axis that is straight down from the view.

Visualização no equador:

Use if view is looking at the equator, by using a vertical axis.

Alinhar a objeto:

Uses the object’s transform to calculate the axis.

Alinhar

Seleciona qual dos eixos aponta para cima.

Polo ZX:

O polo 0 está no eixo X.

Polo ZY:

O polo 0 está no eixo Y.

Polo

How to handle faces at the poles.

Pinch:

UVs are pinched at the poles.

Fan:

UVs are fanned at the poles.

Preserve Seams

Separate projections by islands isolated by seams.

Raio

The radius of the sphere to use.

Corrigir aspecto

Map UVs will take the image’s aspect ratio into consideration. If an image has already been mapped to a Texture Space that is non-square, the projection will take this into account and distort the mapping to appear correctly.

Cortar para os limites

Any UVs that lie outside the (0 to 1) range will be clipped to that range by being moved to the UV space border it is closest to.

Escalonar para as margens

If the UV map is larger than the (0 to 1) range, the entire map will be scaled to fit inside.

Projetar a partir da vista

Reference

Editor:

3D Viewport

Mode:

Edit Mode

Menu:

UV ‣ Project from View

Atalho:

U

Project from View takes the current view in the 3D Viewport and flattens the mesh as it appears. Use this option if you are using a picture of a real object as a UV Texture for an object that you have modeled. You will get stretching in areas where the model recedes away from you.

Opções

Ortográfica

Aplica uma projeção ortográfica.

Corrigir aspecto

Map UVs will take the image’s aspect ratio into consideration. If an image has already been mapped to a Texture Space that is non-square, the projection will take this into account and distort the mapping to appear correctly.

Cortar para os limites

Any UVs that lie outside the (0 to 1) range will be clipped to that range by being moved to the UV space border it is closest to.

Escalonar para as margens

If the UV map is larger than the (0 to 1) range, the entire map will be scaled to fit inside.

Projetar a partir da vista (nos limites)

Reference

Editor:

3D Viewport

Mode:

Edit Mode

Menu:

UV ‣ Project from View (Bounds)

Atalho:

U

Similar to Project from View, but with Scale to Bounds and Correct Aspect activated.

Redefinir

Reference

Editor:

3D Viewport and UV Editor

Mode:

Edit Mode

Menu:

UV ‣ Reset

Atalho:

U

Reset UVs maps each face to fill the UV grid, giving each face the same mapping.

If you want to use an image that is tileable, the surface will be covered in a smooth repetition of that image, with the image skewed to fit the shape of each individual face. Use this unwrapping option to reset the map and undo any unwrapping (go back to the start).