Transferência de dados

The Data Transfer modifier transfers several types of data from one mesh to another. Data types include vertex groups, UV maps, vertex colors, custom normals…

Transfer works by generating a mapping between source mesh’s items (vertices, edges, etc.) and destination ones, either on a one-to-one basis, or mapping several source items to a single destination one, using interpolation.

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Transferring normals between objects, see example blend-file.

Veja também

Data Transfer Operator

Opções

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O Modificador de Transferência de dados.

Source

O objeto de malha a partir do qual copiar os dados.

If the button to the right of the field is unset, both the source and the destination geometry is considered in global space when generating the mapping, otherwise they are evaluated in local space (i.e. as if both object’s origins were at the same place).

Modo de mistura

Controls how destination data are affected:

Todos

Replaces everything in destination (note that Mix Factor is still used).

Acima do ajuste

Only replaces destination value if it’s above given threshold Mix Factor. How that threshold is interpreted depends on the data type, note that for Boolean values this option fakes a logical AND.

Abaixo do ajuste

Only replaces destination value if it’s below given threshold Mix Factor. How that threshold is interpreted depends on the data type, note that for Boolean values this option fakes a logical OR.

Mix, Add, Subtract, Multiply

Apply that operation, using mix factor to control how much of source or destination value to use. Only available for a few types (vertex groups, vertex colors).

Fator de mistura

How much of the transferred data gets mixed into existing one (not supported by all data types).

Grupo de vértices

Allows per-item fine control of the mix factor. Vertex group influence can be reverted using the small «arrow» button to the right.

Gerar camadas de dados

This modifier cannot generate needed data layers itself. Once the set of source data to transfer is selected, this button shall be used to generate matching destination layers, if needed.

Seleção dos dados para transferência

To keep the size of the modifier reasonable, the kind of items to be affected must be selected first (vertices, edges, face corners and/or faces).

Tipo de mapeamento

How is generated the mapping between those source and destination items. Each type has its own options, see Geometry Mapping below for details.

Tipo de dados

The left column of toggle buttons, to select which data types to transfer.

Multi-layers Data Types Options

In those cases (vertex groups, vertex colors, UVs), one can select which source layers to transfer (usually, either all of them, or a single specified one), and how to affect destination (either by matching names, matching order/position, or, if a single source is selected, by specifying manually the destination layer).

Refinamento de manipulação das ilhas

This setting only affects UV transfer currently. It allows to avoid a given destination face to get UV coordinates from different source UV islands. Keeping it at 0.0 means no island handling at all. Typically, small values like 0.02 are enough to get good results, but if you are mapping from a very high-poly source towards a very low-poly destination, you may have to raise it quite significantly.

Utilização

First key thing to keep in mind when using this modifier is that it will not create destination data layers. Generate Data Layers button shall always be used for this purpose, once the set of source data to transfer has been selected. It should also be well understood that creating those data layers on destination mesh is not part of the modifier stack, which means e.g. that they will remain even once the modifier is deleted, or if the source data selection is modified.

Mapeamento de gemetria

Geometry mapping is how a given destination mesh relates to a source mesh. In this process a destination vertex/edge/… gets a part of the source mesh assigned with functions as its data source. It is crucial to understand this topic well to get good results with this modifier.

Topologia

The simplest option, expects both meshes to have identical number of items, and match them by order (indices). Useful e.g. between meshes that were identical copies, and got deformed differently.

Mapeamentos diretos (um para um)

Those always select only one source item for each destination one, often based on shortest distance.

Vértices
Vértices mais próximos

Uses source’s nearest vertex.

Vértices mais próximos das arestas

Uses source’s nearest vertex of source’s nearest edge.

Vértices mais próximos das faces

Uses source’s nearest vertex of source’s nearest face.

Arestas
Vértices mais próximos

Uses source’s edge which vertices are nearest from destination edge’s vertices.

Arestas mais próximas

Uses source’s nearest edge (using edge’s midpoints).

Arestas das faces mais próximas

Uses source’s nearest edge of source’s nearest face (using edge’s midpoints).

Quinas das faces

A face corner is not a real item by itself, it’s some kind of split vertex attached to a specific face. Hence both vertex (location) and face (normal, …) aspects are used to match them together.

Junções mais próximas e que combinem melhor com as normais

Uses source’s corner having the most similar split normal with destination one, from those sharing the nearest source’s vertex.

Junções mais próximas e que combinem melhor com as normais das faces

Uses source’s corner having the most similar face normal with destination one, from those sharing the nearest source’s vertex.

Junções mais próximas das faces mais próximas

Junções mais próximas e que combinem melhor com faces mais próximas da fonte.

Faces
Faces mais próximas

Uses source’s nearest face.

Melhores combinações das normais

Uses source’s face which normal is most similar with destination one.

Mapeamentos interpolados

Those use several source items for each destination one, interpolating their data during the transfer.

Vértices
Arestas interpoladas mais próximas

Uses nearest point on nearest source’s edge, interpolates data from both source edge’s vertices.

Faces interpoladas mais próximas

Uses nearest point on nearest source’s face, interpolates data from all that source face’s vertices.

Projeções de faces interpoladas

Uses point of face on source hit by projection of destination vertex along its own normal, interpolates data from all that source face’s vertices.

Arestas
Projeção de arestas interpoladas

This is a sampling process. Several rays are cast from along the destination’s edge (interpolating both edge’s vertex normals), and if enough of them hit a source’s edge, all hit source edges” data are interpolated into destination one.

Quinas das faces

A face corner is not a real item by itself, it’s some kind of split vertex attached to a specific face. Hence both vertex (location) and face (normal, …) aspects are used to match them together.

Faces interpoladas mais próximas

Uses nearest point of nearest source’s face, interpolates data from all that source face’s corners.

Projeções de faces interpoladas

Uses point of face on source hit by projection of destination corner along its own normal, interpolates data from all that source face’s corners.

Faces
Projeções de faces interpoladas

This is a sampling process. Several rays are cast from the whole destination’s face (along its own normal), and if enough of them hit a source’s face, all hit source faces” data are interpolated into destination one.

Topology Mapping

Distância máxima

When the «pressure stylus» icon button to the right is enabled, this is the maximum distance between source and destination to get a successful mapping. If a destination item cannot find a source one within that range, then it will get no transferred data.

This allows to transfer a small sub-detailed mesh onto a more complete one (e.g. from a «hand» mesh towards a «full body» one).

Raio (largura) para os raios

For ray-casting-based mapping methods, the radius of the cast rays. Especially important for 1D and 2D items (i.e. vertices and edges), without some width there would be nearly no ray-casting matches…