Spin

参照

Mode

Edit Mode

Tool

Toolbar ‣ Spin

The Spin tool extrudes (or duplicates it if the selection is manifold) the selected elements, rotating around a specific point and axis.

Use the tool to create the sort of objects that you would produce on a lathe (this tool is often called "lathe" tool or "sweep" tool in the literature, for this reason). In fact, it does a sort of circular extrusion of your selected elements, centered on the 3D cursor, and around the axis perpendicular to the working view...

  • The point of view will determine around which axis the extrusion spins...

  • The position of the 3D cursor will be the center of the rotation.

ツールセッティング

Steps (ステップ)

Specifies how many copies will be extruded along the "sweep".

Axis

Specifies the axis to use as the pivot of the spin operation.

Options

Steps (ステップ)

Specifies how many copies will be extruded along the "sweep".

Use Duplicates

When enabled, will keep the original selected elements as separated islands in the mesh (i.e. unlinked to the result of the spin extrusion).

Angle

Specifies the angle "swept" by this tool, in degrees (e.g. set it to 180 for half a turn).

Auto Merge

Automatically merges the first a last duplicates, if they make a full revolution which results in overlapping geometry.

Flip Normals

Reverses the Normal's direction for any resulting geometry.

Center X, Y, Z

Specifies the center of the spin. By default it uses the cursor position.

Axis X, Y, Z

Specify the spin axis as a vector. By default it uses the view axis (viewport).

../../../_images/modeling_meshes_tools_spin_glass-profile.png

Glass profile.

First, create a mesh representing the profile of your object. If you are modeling a hollow object, it is a good idea to thicken the outline. Fig. Glass profile. shows the profile for a wine glass we will model as a demonstration.

We will be rotating the object around the cursor in the top view, so switch to the top view with Numpad7.

../../../_images/modeling_meshes_tools_spin_glass-profile-before.png

Glass profile, top view in Edit Mode, just before spinning.

Place the cursor along the center of the profile by entering Edit Mode and selecting one of the vertices along the center, and snapping the 3D cursor to that location with Mesh ‣ Snap ‣ Cursor to Selection. (Fig. Glass profile, top view in Edit Mode, just before spinning.) shows the wine glass profile from top view, with the cursor correctly positioned.

Select all the vertices with A and select the Spin tool from the Toolbar and use the Gizmo to spin the vertices. Fig. Spun profile. shows the result of a successful spin.

Angle

Spun profile.
../../../_images/modeling_meshes_tools_spin_spun-profile360.png

Spun profile using an angle of 360.

../../../_images/modeling_meshes_tools_spin_spun-profile120.png

Spun profile using an angle of 120.

複製

../../../_images/modeling_meshes_tools_spin_result.png

Result of spin operation.

../../../_images/modeling_meshes_tools_spin_dubli.png

Result of Duplicate enabled.

Merge Duplicates

../../../_images/modeling_meshes_tools_spin_dublicate-vertices.png

Duplicate vertices.

The spin operation leaves duplicate vertices along the profile. You can select all vertices at the seam with Box select B (shown in Fig. Duplicate vertices.) and perform a Merge by Distance operation.

Notice the selected vertex count before and after the Merge by Distance operation Vertex count after removing doubles. If all goes well, the final vertex count (38 in this example) should match the number of the original profile noted in Mesh data ‣ Vertex and face numbers. If not, some vertices were missed and you will need to weld them manually. Or, worse, too many vertices will have been merged.

注釈

Merging Two Vertices into One

To merge (weld) two vertices together, select both of them by Shift-LMB clicking on them. Press S to start scaling and hold down Ctrl while scaling to scale the points down to 0 units in the X, Y and Z axis. LMB to complete the scaling operation and click Mesh ‣ Merge ‣ By Distance to merge the vertices. Alternatively, you can use Context Menu ‣ Merge Vertices (or M). Then, in the new pop-up menu, choose to merge By Distance.

Recalculate Normals

All that remains now is to recalculate the normals to the outside by selecting all vertices, pressing Alt-N and validating Recalculate Normals Outside in the pop-up menu.