Particle Edit Mode(パーティクル編集モード)

Using Particle Edit Mode you can edit the keyed points (keyframes) and paths of Hair, Particle, Cloth, and Soft Body simulations. (You can also edit and style hair before baking.)

Since working in Particle Edit Mode is pretty easy and very similar to working with vertices in the 3D Viewport, we will show how to set up a particle system and then give a reference of the various functions.

重要

Particle Edit Mode, specifically for hair is deprecated; please use the new Empty Hair object with its associated Sculpt Mode instead.

重要

Editing a cached cloth simulation is not currently working, see: blender/blender#77114 for details.

使用方法

Tip

Only Frames Baked to Memory are Editable!

If you cannot edit the particles, check that you are not baking to a Disk Cache.

Setup for Hair Particles

  1. Create a Hair particle system.

  2. Give it an initial velocity in the Normal direction.

  3. Create a simulation.

  4. Check the Hair Dynamics box.

../../_images/physics_particles_mode_example.png

Editing hair strands in Particle Edit Mode.

Setup for Particle, Cloth, and Soft Body Simulations

  1. Use Emitter particles, or a cloth/soft body simulation.

  2. Create a simulation by setting up objects and or emitters, set your time range (use a small range if you are just starting out and experimenting), set up the simulation how you want it, using Alt-A to preview it.

Bake the Simulation

Once you are happy with the general simulation, bake the simulation from Object Mode. The simulation must be baked to enable editing.

Edit the Simulation

Switch to Particle Edit from the Mode select menu in the header of the 3D Viewport to edit the particle's paths/Keyframes. You may need to press T from within the 3D Viewport to see the Particle Edit panel. Move to the frame you want to edit and use the various Particle Edit tools to edit your simulation. Work slowly, previewing your changes with Alt-A, and save often so that you can go back to the previous version should something happen, or that you do not like the latest changes you have made.

Tip

To be able to clearly see what you are working on:

  1. Open the Options panel in the Toolbar.

  2. Select Point select mode (see below) in the header of the 3D Viewport. This will display key points along the particle path.

選択

  • Single: LMB.

  • All: A.

  • Linked: Move the mouse over a keypoint and press L.

  • Box select: B.

  • Circle Select C.

  • Lasso Select Ctrl-Alt-LMB.

  • Root/Tips: Select ‣ Roots / Tips.

You may also use the Select Menu.

Tip

Selections

Selections are extremely useful for modifying only the particles that you want. Hover over a particle path and press L to link-select it, hover over the next and press L to add that path to the selection. To remove a path, hold Shift and press L. To Deselect all press A.

The method to select individual points is the same as in Edit Mode. RMB to select, Shift-RMB to add/remove a point from the selection.

Select Random(ランダム選択)

Randomly selects particles.

Percent(%)

Percent of particles to randomly select.

Random Seed(ランダムシード)

Seed value to use for the selection.

Action(アクション)

Select random can be either used to select or deselect particles.

Type(タイプ)

Selects either hair or points. Here these terms can be confusing because hair/point does not refer to the particle type but the path/points of the hair/particle.

Select Modes

../../_images/physics_particles_mode_select-modes.png

Select Modes.

Path(パス)

No keypoints are visible, you can select/deselect only all particles.

Point(ポイント)

You see all of the keypoints.

Tip

You can see and edit (including the brushes) only the tip of the particles, i.e. the last keypoint.

Tools(ツール)

参照

Mode(モード):

Particle Edit Mode(パーティクル編集モード)

Tool(ツール):

Toolbar

Comb

Moves the keypoints (similar to the Proportional Editing tool).

Deflect Emitter

Hair particles only -- Do not move keypoints through the emitting mesh.

Distance(距離)

The distance to keep from the Emitter.

Smooth(スムーズ)

Parallels visually adjacent segments.

Add(追加)

Adds new particles.

Count(数)

The number of new particles per step.

Interpolate(補間)

Interpolate the shape of new hairs from existing ones.

Steps(ステップ)

Amount of brush steps.

Keys

How many keys to make new particles with.

Length(長さ)

Scales the segments, so it makes the hair longer with Grow or shorter with Shrink.

Grow/Shrink

Sets the brush to add the effect or reverse it.

Puff

Rotates the hair around its first keypoint (root). So it makes the hair stand up with Add or lay down with Sub.

Puff Volume

Apply puff to unselected end points, (Helps to maintain the hair volume when puffing the root.)

Cut(カット)

Scales the segments until the last keypoint reaches the brush.

Weight(ウェイト)

This is especially useful for soft body animations, because the weight defines the soft body Goal. A keypoint with a weight of 1 will not move at all, a keypoint with a weight of 0 subjects fully to soft body animation. This value is scaled by the Strength Min to Max range of soft body goals...

共通のオプション

Below the brush types, their settings appear:

Radius F

Set the radius of the brush.

Strength Shift-F

Set the strength of the brush effect (not for Add brush).

Options(オプション)

参照

Mode(モード):

Particle Edit Mode(パーティクル編集モード)

Panel(パネル):

Tool Settings ‣ Options

Auto-Velocity Emitter

Recalculate velocities of particles according to their edited paths. Otherwise, the original velocities values remains unchanged regardless of the actual distance that the particles moves.

Mirror X(ミラー X)

Enable mirror editing across the local X axis.

Preserve(保護)
Strand Length

Keep the length of the segments between the keypoints when combing or smoothing the hair. This is done by moving all the other keypoints.

Root Positions

Keep first key unmodified, so you cannot transplant hair.

Cut Particles to Shape

Shape Object

A mesh object which boundary is used by the Shape Cut tool.

Cut(カット)

This grooming tool trims hairs to a shape defined by the Shape Object. This is a quicker way of avoiding protruding hair sections from lengthening than using the Cutting tool. It works especially well for characters with extensive fur, where working in a single plane with the Cutting tool becomes tedious.

Shape Cut example.
../../_images/physics_particles_mode_shapecut-before.png

実施前。

../../_images/physics_particles_mode_shapecut-after.png

実施後。

Viewport Display(ビューポート表示)

Path Steps

The number of steps used to draw the path; improves the smoothness of the particle path.

Children Hair

Displays the children of the particles too. This allows to fine-tune the particles and see their effects on the result, but it may slow down your system if you have many children.

Particles Emitter

Displays the actual particles on top of the paths.

Fade Time

Fade out paths and keys further away from current time.

Frames(フレーム)

How many frames to fade.

Editing(編集)

Moving Keypoints or Particles

  • To move selected keypoints press G, or use one of the various other methods to move vertices.

  • To move a particle root you have to turn off Keep Root in the Toolbar.

  • You can do many of the things like with vertices, including scaling, rotating and removing (complete particles or single keys).

  • You may not duplicate or extrude keys or particles, but you can subdivide particles which adds new keypoints Particle ‣ Subdivide.

  • Alternatively you can re-key a particle Particle ‣ Rekey.

How smoothly the hair and particle paths are displayed depends on the Path Steps setting in the Toolbar. Low settings produce blocky interpolation between points, while high settings produce a smooth curve.

Mirror(ミラー)

参照

Mode(モード):

Particle Edit Mode(パーティクル編集モード)

Menu(メニュー):

Particle ‣ Mirror

If you want to create an X axis symmetrical haircut you have to do following steps:

  1. Select all particles with A.

  2. Mirror the particles with Particle ‣ Mirror.

  3. Turn on X Mirror in Sidebar Region ‣ Tool ‣ Options.

It may happen that after mirroring two particles occupy nearly the same place. Since this would be a waste of memory and render time, you can use Merge by Distance from the Particle menu.

Unify Length

参照

Mode(モード):

Particle Edit Mode(パーティクル編集モード)

Menu(メニュー):

Particle ‣ Unify Length

This tool is used to make all selected hair uniform length by finding the average length.

Show/Hide(表示/隠す)

参照

Mode(モード):

Particle Edit Mode(パーティクル編集モード)

Menu(メニュー):

Particle ‣ Show/Hide

Hiding and unhiding of particles works similar as with vertices in the 3D Viewport. Select one or more keypoints of the particle you want to hide and press H. The particle in fact does not vanish, only the key points.

Hidden particles (i.e. particles whose keypoints are hidden) do not react on the various brushes. But:

If you use Mirror Editing even particles with hidden keypoints may be moved, if their mirrored counterpart is moved.

To unhide all hidden particles press Alt-H.