Laplacian Deform Modifier

The Laplacian Deform modifier allows you to pose a mesh while preserving geometric details of the surface.

The user defines a set of "anchor" vertices, and then moves some of them around. The modifier keeps the rest of the anchor vertices in fixed positions and calculates the optimal locations of all the remaining vertices to preserve the original geometric details.

This modifier captures the geometric details with the use of differential coordinates. The differential coordinates capture the local geometric information, the curvature and direction of a vertex based on its neighbors.

注釈

You must define an Anchors Vertex Group. Without it the modifier does nothing.

Options

../../../_images/modeling_modifiers_deform_laplacian-deform_panel.png

The Laplacian Deform modifier.

Repeat (リピート)

How many iterations to do to improve the found solution. The objective is to find the rotation of the differential coordinates preserving the best possible geometric details. Details are retained better if more iterations are used, however, it will take longer to calculate.

Deform horse example blend-file.
../../../_images/modeling_modifiers_deform_laplacian-deform_cactus09.png

Original Model.

../../../_images/modeling_modifiers_deform_laplacian-deform_cactus-repeat1.png

Repeat: 1.

../../../_images/modeling_modifiers_deform_laplacian-deform_cactus-repeat2.png

Repeat: 2.

../../../_images/modeling_modifiers_deform_laplacian-deform_cactus-repeat5.png

Repeat: 5.

../../../_images/modeling_modifiers_deform_laplacian-deform_horse-repeat0.jpg

Original Model.

../../../_images/modeling_modifiers_deform_laplacian-deform_horse-repeat1.jpg

Repeat: 1.

../../../_images/modeling_modifiers_deform_laplacian-deform_horse-repeat2.jpg

Repeat: 2.

../../../_images/modeling_modifiers_deform_laplacian-deform_horse-repeat10.jpg

Repeat: 10.

Anchor Weights

The group of vertices that the user will use to transform the model. The weight of each vertex does not affect the behavior of the modifier, the method only takes into account vertices with weight greater than 0.

Invert <->

Inverts the influence of the selected vertex group, meaning that the group now represents vertices that will not be deformed by the modifier.

The setting reverses the weight values of the group.

Bind

The Bind button is what tells the Laplacian Deform modifier to actually capture the geometry details of the object, so that altering the anchor vertices actually alters the shape of the deformed object.

Unbind

After binding the modifier, you may later decide to make changes to the Anchors Vertex Group. To do so you will first need to Unbind the modifier before binding it again.

Error Messages

Vertex group group_name is not valid

This message is displayed when a user deletes the vertex group or changes its name.

Vertices changed from X to Y

This message is displayed when a user adds or deletes vertices to/from the mesh.

Edges changed from X to Y

This message is displayed when a user adds or deletes edges to/from the mesh.

The system did not find a solution

This message is displayed if the solver could not find a solution for the linear system.

注釈

If the mesh is dense, with a number of vertices greater than 100,000, then it is possible that the nonlinear optimization system will fail.

歴史(ヒストリー)

Laplacian Surface Editing is a method developed by Olga Sorkine and others in 2004. This method preserves geometric details as much as possible while the user makes editing operations. This method uses differential coordinates corresponding to the difference between a vector and the weighted average of its neighbors to represent the local geometric detail of the mesh.

../../../_images/modeling_modifiers_deform_laplacian-deform_diagram-differential-coordinate.png

Differential Coordinate.