属性

An attribute is a generic term to describe data stored per-element in a geometry data-block. For example, every vertex can have an associated number or vector. Attributes can be altered by connecting a value to the Group Output node, but also many nodes can change the values of specific attributes.

Note

Attribute data types and domains are converted implicitly where possible, just like node sockets.

Named Attributes

Named attributes are created and used in other areas of Blender like shaders, painting, and UV mapping. In the modifier panel, a named attribute can be used for input by clicking the icon to the left of the value button. The string input input allows you to search and choose existing attributes from the modifier's input geometry.

../../_images/modeling_geometry-nodes_attribute-reference_search.png

Attribute Search.

The attribute search gives a bit of context about each attribute. To the left of the menu, the attribute domain is shown followed by the attribute name. To the right of the menu, the attribute data type is shown.

Anonymous Attributes

../../_images/modeling_geometry-nodes_attribute-reference_attribute-field.png

The Normal and Rotation outputs are examples of attribute fields, which refer to an attribute stored on a geometry.

An anonymous attribute is a set of generic data stored on a geometry that doesn't have a name. Usually, attributes exposed in Blender's interface all have names. However, in geometry nodes, attributes can be passed around with node sockets. In these cases, an Attribute Field output is created, which is used by nodes to find attribute data in an input geometry.

Anonymous attributes are still stored on the geometry like other attributes, and they are even automatically interpolated when the geometry changes with other nodes, except for a few cases. So generally, if the node link is still accessible, the attribute it references will be too. However, anonymous attributes cannot be connected to a completely separate geometry that was not created from their source. To transfer attributes between separate geometries, the Transfer Attribute Node can be used.

Attribute Data Types

The type of an attribute is the kind of data stored at each element.

布尔

True or false value

整数

32位整数

浮动

浮点数值

矢量

以浮点数值表示的三维矢量

颜色

RGBA color with floating-point precision

The above list is in the order of least to most "complex" (An integer can contain more data than a boolean, so it is more complicated). When joining separate geometries together, the more complex data type is preferred when there are matching names. This is particularly important when joining geometry with named attributes with the Join Geometry Node

Attribute Domains

The domain of an attribute refers to what type of geometry element the attribute corresponds to. Knowing the domain of an attribute is important because it defines how it may be interpolated and used in nodes and shading. You can use the Spreadsheet Editor to determine the domains of attributes.

  • Point domain attributes are associated with single locations in space with a position:

    • Vertices of a mesh

    • Points of a point cloud

    • Curve control points

  • Edge domain attributes are associated with the edges of a mesh.

  • Face domain attributes are associated with the faces of a mesh.

  • Face Corner domain attributes are associated with the corners of the faces of the mesh. An example is a UV map attribute.

  • Spline domain attributes are associated with a group of connected curve control points.

  • Instance domain attributes exist on the 实例项 in a geometry. They can be used to store different values on copies of geometry data. Instance domain attributes are only supported in geometry nodes.

Attributes are automatically interpolated to other domains. For example, when the Position Node is connected to the selection input of the Set Material Node node, the values are interpolated from the Point domain to the Face domain. Normally, domain conversions use simple averages for values, but Boolean data type attributes have special rules for interpolation:

Boolean Domain Interpolation

From

To

转换

点光

An edge is selected if both of its vertices were selected.

点光

A face is selected if all of its vertices were selected too.

点光

拐角

Each corner's value is simply a copy of the value at its vertex.

点光

样条线

A spline is selected if all of its control points were selected.

点光

A vertex is selected if any connected edge was selected.

A face is selected if all of its edges are selected

拐角

A corner is selected if its two adjacent edges were selected.

点光

A vertex is selected if any of the connected faces were selected.

An edge is selected if any connected face was selected.

Each corner's value is simply a copy of the value at its face.

拐角

点光

A vertex is selected if all connected face corners were selected and it is not a loose vertex.

拐角

An edge is selected if all corners on adjacent faces were selected.

拐角

A face is selected if all of its corners were selected.

样条线

点光

Each point's value is simply a copy of the corresponding value of the spline.

Built-In Attributes

Built-in attributes always exist, and cannot be removed. Their data type and domain cannot be changed.

名称

类型

注意

position

Vector

Point

Built-in attribute describing vertex or point locations, in the local space of a geometry. Any node that changes the location of points will adjust this attribute, like the Transform and Set Position nodes.

radius

Float

Point

A built-in attribute on point clouds used to set the size for the points in the viewport. Also built-in on curves, where it controls the size of each curve control point when converted to a mesh, or for other operations.

id

Integer

Point

Created by the Distribute Points on Faces to provide stability when the shape of the input mesh changes, and used on instances to create motion blur. Values are expected to be large, with no order. This attribute is used by nodes that generate randomness, like the Random Value Node. Unlike other built-in attributes, this attribute is not required, and can be removed.

material_index

Integer

Face

Used to specify the material slot for every face in a mesh.

crease

Float

Edge

Edge attribute used by the Subdivision Surface modifier. The values are limited to a range of 0 and 1.

shade_smooth

Boolean

Face

Attribute determining if a face should have smooth shading enabled in the viewport or a render.

resolution

Integer

Spline

Determines the number of evaluated points between two control points of a spline. Only NURBS and Bézier splines have this attribute, for poly splines, the value is always one.

cyclic

Boolean

Spline

Determines whether the spline has a segment that connects its first and last control points.

handle_left

Vector

Point

Describes the location of the left handle of a curve control point, on the side of the curve's start. Only exists when the curve contains a Bézier spline.

handle_right

Vector

Point

Describes the location of the right handle of a curve control point, on the side of the curve's end. Only exists when the curve contains a Bézier spline.

Naming Conventions 命名习惯

These attributes do not exist by default, but are used implicitly by certain parts of Blender. The data type of these attributes can be changed, just like any attribute besides the built-in attributes. However, the attributes might be expected by Blender to have a certain type.

名称

类型

注意

velocity

Vector

Used to create motion blur when rendering animations.

Custom Attributes

Vertex groups, UV maps and vertex colors are available as attributes in geometry nodes. They are referred to by their name. Naming collisions (e.g. a vertex group and a UV map with the same name) should be avoided. If there is a naming collision, only one of the attributes is accessible in geometry nodes.

Attributes with any other name can also be created by nodes, when the name is used for the first time.

Note that geometry nodes does not always produce e.g. vertex groups if a node like Join Geometry is used. Similarly, if the data type of a vertex group attribute is changed from the initial "Float" type, the attribute will no longer be a vertex group.