Sonda de luz Volumen

A volume probe records the light incomming from all directions at many locations inside a volume.

The light is then filtered and only the diffuse light is recorded. The capture point positions are visible as an overlay when the Irradiance Volume object is selected.

If an object is not inside any Irradiance Volume, or if the indirect lighting has not been baked, the world’s diffuse lighting will be used to shade it.

Truco

  • When lighting indoor environments, try to align grids with the room shape.

  • Try not to put too much resolution in empty areas or areas with a low amount of lighting variation.

  • Bad samples can be fixed by adding a smaller grid near the problematic area.

  • Large scenes may require using many volumes with different level of details.

Propiedades

Referencia

Panel:

Propiedades ‣ Datos ‣ Sonda

Intensidad

Intensity factor of the recorded lighting. Making this parameter anything other than 1.0 is not physically correct. To be used for tweaking, animating or artistic purposes.

Desviación de muestreo

Desviación (normales)

Offset sampling of the irradiance grid in the surface normal direction to reduce light bleeding. Can lead to specular appearance of diffuse surface if set too high.

Desviación (vista)

Offset sampling of the irradiance grid in the viewing direction to reduce light bleeding. Can lead to view dependant result if set too high. Prefer this if camera is static.

Desviación (incidencia)

When set to zero, avoids capturing points behind the shaded surface to bleed light onto the shaded surface. This produces non-smooth interpolation when the capture resolution is high. Increasing this bias will make the interpolation smoother but also introduce some light bleeding.

Validez y dilatación

During the baking process, a validity score is assigned to each capture point. This score is based on the number of back-faces hit when capturing the incoming lighting. Only materials with Single Sided turned on for Light Probe Volumes will reduce the validity score.

Umbral (validez)

Capture points with validity below this threshold will be ignored during lighting interpolation. This remove the influence of capture points trapped inside closed geometry, reducing the artifacts they produced.

Umbral (dilatación)

Capture points with validity below this threshold will have their data replaced using valid neighbors.

Radio

Radius in capture points in which to search for a valid neighbor.

Capturar

Light probe volume light data is static and needs to be manually baked. Once baked, the data is stored inside the object data-block and can be moved, animated and linked between blender files.

Nota

Baking uses the render visibility of the objects in the scene.

During baking, the scene is converted into a different representation to accelerate light transport. This representation can be very memory intensive and prevents baking if it cannot fit inside the GPU memory. There are a few way to deal with this issue:

  • Larger scenes should be divided into smaller sections or use different level of details.

  • Reducir la Resolución de surfels.

  • Turn off the light probe volume visibility option on objects that have little to no effect in the bake.

Truco

The internal scene representation can be inspected using the Debug Value 3, 4 and 5.

Resolución

Resolución X, Y, Z

Spatial resolution for volumetric light probes is determined per probe. The local volume is divided into a regular grid of the specified dimensions. The lighting will be captured for each cell in this grid.

Muestras de captura

Cantidad de direcciones de rayos a evaluar durante la captura. Esto aumentará el tiempo de captura de forma proporcional al tamaño de la representación de la escena.

Resolución de surfels

Cantidad de elementos de superficie (o surfels) que aparecerán por unidad de distancia local. Valores mayores aumentarán la calidad, pero tendrán un gran impacto en el uso de memoria.

Truco

Un buen valor sería el doble de la Resolución máxima.

Capturar

Distancia de captura

Distance around the light probe volume that will be captured during the bake. A distance of 0 will only considered the inside of the volume.

Contribución del entorno

Bake incoming light from the world instead of just visibility for more accurate lighting, but lose correct blending to surrounding irradiance volumes.

Contribución de iluminación indirecta

Capture light bounces from light source.

Contribución de emisión

Capture emissive surfaces when baking.

Limitación

Iluminación directa

Clamp incoming direct light. 0.0 disables direct light clamping. Here direct light refers to the light that bounces only once (from the light object) or light coming from emissive materials.

Iluminación indirecta

Clamp incoming indirect light. 0.0 disables indirect light clamping. Here indirect light refers to the light that bounces off a surface after the first bounce (from the light object) or during the first bounce if the light comes from emissive materials.

Truco

Setting Clamp Indirect to a very non-zero value will effectively only record the first light bounce leading.

Desplazamiento

In order to reduce artifacts caused by bad capture point positioning, the bake process adjusts their location before capturing light. It moves the capture points slightly away from surrounding surfaces and tries to move them out of objects if they are not too far bellow the surface.

Surface Offset

Distance to move the capture points away from surfaces.

Distancia de búsqueda

Distance to search for valid capture positions if the capture point is near the back-face of a single-sided object.

Nota

Only materials with Single Sided turned on for Light Probe Volumes will move capture point position.

Presentación en vistas

Datos

Show the captured light using small diffuse spheres of the given size.

Influencia

Show the influence bounds in the 3D Viewport. The inner sphere is where the falloff starts.

Recorte

Show the clipping distance in the 3D Viewport.