Object Modes (объектный режим)

../../_images/editors_3dview_modes_menu.png

Меню выбора режимов.

Modes allow editing different aspects of objects. While Object Mode allows you to position/rotate/scale them, Edit Mode allows changing their geometry, Pose Mode allows posing them, and so on.

You can change the current mode using the Mode selector in the 3D Viewport header. Which modes are available depends on the object’s type. The complete list is shown below.

Apart from using the selector, you can also press Ctrl-Tab to bring up a pie menu around the cursor for faster access. (If the selected object is an Armature, this shortcut will instead switch between Object Mode and Pose Mode.)

Pressing Tab will toggle Edit Mode for objects that support it.

Режимы могут влиять на многие вещи в Blender:

  • Each mode changes the header and Toolbar to show its own unique set of menus and tools. This also means it affects the available keyboard shortcuts.

  • Modes can completely change the look of the viewport. For example, Weight Paint mode will shade the object to show its vertex weights, which are not normally visible.

  • Modes can affect other editors. For example, the UV Editor can only be used if the 3D Viewport is in Edit Mode. In the Properties editor, too, certain buttons and panels can only be used in certain modes.

Список режимов

Режимы Blender

Icon

Name (имя)

Details

../../_images/editors_3dview_modes_icons-object-mode.png

Object Mode (объектный)

The default mode, available for all object types. Allows editing position, rotation and scale, duplicating objects, and so on.

../../_images/editors_3dview_modes_icons-edit-mode.png

Edit Mode (редактирования)

A mode for editing an object’s shape (vertices/edges/faces for meshes, control points for curves/surfaces, points/strokes for Grease Pencil, etc.).

../../_images/editors_3dview_modes_icons-sculpt-mode.png

Sculpt Mode (скульптинг)

Provides an alternative toolset for editing an object’s shape (only for meshes).

../../_images/editors_3dview_modes_icons-vertex-paint.png

Vertex Paint Mode (рисование вершин)

A mesh-only mode that allows you to set your mesh’s vertex colors (i.e. to «paint» them).

../../_images/editors_3dview_modes_icons-weight-paint.png

Weight Paint Mode (веса вершин)

Режим только для сетки, предназначенный для весов групп вершин.

../../_images/editors_3dview_modes_icons-texture-paint.png

Texture Paint Mode (рисование текстур)

A mesh-only mode that allows you to paint a texture directly on the model, in the 3D Viewport.

../../_images/editors_3dview_modes_icons-particle-edit.png

Particle Edit Mode (частицы)

A mesh-only mode dedicated to particle systems, useful for editable systems (hair).

../../_images/editors_3dview_modes_icons-pose-mode.png

Pose Mode (позы)

An armature-only mode, dedicated to posing.

../../_images/editors_3dview_modes_icons-grease-pencil.png

Draw Mode (рисование)

A Grease Pencil-only mode, dedicated to creating Grease Pencil strokes.

Примечание

The cursor becomes a brush in Paint and Sculpt Modes.

Мы не будем вдаваться здесь в подробности об использовании режимов, потому что они рассматриваются в отдельных разделах.

Подсказка

Если вы читаете это руководство и упоминаете какую-либо кнопку или пункт меню, который не отображается на вашем экране, возможно, вы находитесь в ненадлежащем режиме, чтобы этот параметр был действительным.

Switching Objects

Справка

Mode

Все режимы

Горячая клавиша

Alt-Q

If you enter a mode such as Weight Paint for an object and then select another object, Blender will typically switch back to Object Mode. This means that, if you want to weight paint the other object too, you have to enter the mode a second time.

There is a way of avoiding this, however. Once you enter a mode, the Outliner will show a dot next to other objects that also support it. By clicking such a dot, you can switch over to another object without leaving the mode.

Alternatively, you can hover over the other object in the 3D Viewport and press Alt-Q.

См.также

Lock Object Modes for preventing accidental mode changes.

Multi-Object Editing (редактирование нескольких объектов)

Edit Mode and Pose Mode let you work with multiple objects even more easily than described above, as they can have multiple objects in the mode at the same time.

There are two ways of accomplishing this:

  • If you’re not yet in the mode, you can simply select all the objects and enter it.

  • If you’re already in the mode, you can bring other objects into it by clicking Ctrl-LMB on the dot in the Outliner. Removing objects from the mode works in the same way.

Some points of note:

  • The Properties editor will only ever show the details (shape keys, UV maps…) of the active object, not of all the selected ones.

  • Selecting any element from an object will make it the active one.

  • There are limits to the edits you can make. For example, you can’t create an edge that connects vertices from different objects.