Установка на Linux¶
Check the Downloading Blender page to find the minimum requirements and where to get Blender (if you have not done so yet).
Install from blender.org¶
Скачайте необходимую версию программы под Linux и распакуйте файл в нужное место (например, в
~/software или в
Blender теперь может быть запущен с помощью двойного нажатия ЛКМ на исполняемом файле.
When using this method of installation, it is possible to have multiple versions of Blender installed.
For ease of access, you can configure your system by adding a menu entry or shortcut for Blender. You may also associate blend-files with Blender so that when selected from the file browser, they will automatically open in Blender. These settings are typically found in conjunction with the Window Manager settings. (Gnome or KDE.)
Install from Package Manager¶
Some Linux distributions may have a specific package for Blender in their repositories.
Installing Blender via the distribution’s native mechanisms ensures consistency with other packages on the system and may provide other features (given by the package manager), such as listing of packages, update notifications and automatic menu configuration. Be aware, though, that the package may be outdated compared to the latest official release, or not include some features of Blender. For example, some distributions do not build Blender with CUDA support, for licensing reasons.
If there is a specific package for your distribution, you may choose what is preferable and most convenient, otherwise, the official binary is available on blender.org.
Install from Snap¶
Snap is a universal package manager designed to work across a range of distributions. Assuming snap is already installed, Blender can be installed through snap with:
snap install blender
Installing from this method has a benefit that updates to Blender are automatically installed. Blender from Snap should have a more consistent distribution then individual package managers.
Как избежать конфликта Alt+Мышь¶
Many Window Managers default to Alt-LMB for moving windows, which is a shortcut that Blender uses to simulate a three button mouse. You can either have this feature disabledor you can change the Window Manager settings to use the Meta key instead (also called Super or Windows key):
Enter the following in a command line (effective at next login):
gsettings set org.gnome.desktop.wm.preferences mouse-button-modifier '<Super>'
, Switch from „Alt“ to „Meta“ key.
Updating on Linux¶
On Linux there are various ways of updating Blender. This section covers the most common approaches.
Updating from blender.org¶
Updating with a Package Manager¶
Many Linux distributions have packages for Blender available, which can be installed using the distribution’s package manager. After installation, Blender can be updated using the same steps as updating any other application.
The Splash screen Defaults page for information about import settings from previous Blender versions and on other quick settings.