Open a terminal, then go to the directory where Blender is installed, and run Blender like this:
cd <blender installation directory> ./blender
If you have Blender installed in your
(usually when Blender is installed through a distribution package), you can simply run:
Depending on your desktop environment setup, a Blender icon may appear on your desktop or an entry for Blender is added to your menu after you install Blender.
Many desktop environments support the ability to «Run in terminal».
This screenshot shows Blender started from a Linux Terminal and the resulting text output written to it: