Редактирование

Преобразование

Справка

Mode:

Режим редактирования

Меню:

Key ‣ Transform

An F-Curve can be edited by transforming the locations of the keyframes.

Move, Rotate, Scale

Like other elements in Blender, keyframes can be moved, rotated, or scaled as described in Basic Transformations.

Extend (дополнение)

Moves keyframes relative to the current frame. If the mouse is to the left of the Playhead, this operator only affects the selected keyframes that are to the left of the Playhead. On the contrary, if the mouse is to the right of the Playhead, this operator only affects the selected keyframes that are to the right of the Playhead.

Совет

For precise control of the keyframe position and value, you can set values in the Active Keyframe of the Sidebar region.

Snap

Справка

Меню:

Key ‣ Snap

Горячая клавиша:

Shift-S

Keyframes can be snapped to different properties by using the Snap Keys tool.

Selection to Current Frame

Snap the selected keyframes to the current frame.

Selection to Cursor Value

Snap the selected keyframes to the 2D Cursor.

Selection to Nearest Frame

Snap the selected keyframes to their nearest frame individually.

Selection to Nearest Second

Snap the selected keyframes to their nearest second individually, based on the FPS of the scene.

Selection to Nearest Marker

Snap the selected keyframes to their nearest marker individually.

Flatten Handles

Flatten the Bézier handles for the selected keyframes.

Flatten Handles snapping example.
../../../_images/editors_graph-editor_fcurves_editing_flatten-handles-1.png

Before Flatten Handles.

../../../_images/editors_graph-editor_fcurves_editing_flatten-handles-2.png

After Flatten Handles.

Equalize Handles

Ensure selected keyframes“ handles have equal length.

Side

Side of the keyframes“ Bézier handles to affect

Left:

Equalize selected keyframes“ left handles.

Right:

Equalize selected keyframes“ right handles.

Both:

Equalize both of a keyframe’s handles.

Handle Length

Length to make selected keyframes“ Bézier handles.

Flatten

Make the values of the selected keyframes“ handles the same as their respective keyframes.

Cursor to Selected Ctrl-G

Places the cursor at the midpoint between selected keyframes.

Cursor Value to Selection

Places the cursor value on the average value of selected keyframes.

Mirror

Справка

Меню:

Key ‣ Mirror

Горячая клавиша:

Ctrl-M

Selected keyframes can be mirrored over different properties using the Mirror Keys tool.

By Times over Current Frame

Mirror horizontally over the current frame.

By Values over Cursor Value

Mirror vertically over the 2D cursor.

By Times over Time 0

Mirror horizontally over frame 0.

By Values over Value 0

Mirror vertically over value 0.

By Times over First Selected Marker

Mirror horizontally over the first selected marker.

Jump to Selected

Справка

Меню:

Key ‣ Jump to Selected

Горячая клавиша:

Ctrl-G

Places the 2D cursor at the center of the selected keyframes.

Insert

Справка

Меню:

Key ‣ Insert

Горячая клавиша:

I

Inserts a keyframe to the active F-Curve at the mouse position. The newly added keyframes will be selected, making it easier to quickly tweak the newly added keyframes. All previously selected keyframes are kept selected by using I.

Копирование/Вставка

Справка

Меню:

Key ‣ Copy, Key ‣ Paste

Горячая клавиша:

Ctrl-C, Ctrl-V

Use Ctrl-C to copy selected keyframes and Ctrl-V to paste the previously copied keyframes. During the paste action, the Настройки последней операции panel provides some options in how the paste is applied.

Frame Offset (смещение кадра)
No Offset:

Pastes the keyframes in the location they were copied from.

Frame Relative:

Pastes the keyframe relative to the current frame based on the locations of the keyframes relative to the current frame when they were copied.

Frame Start:

Pastes the keyframes with the first keyframe of the copied set placed at the current frame.

Frame End:

Pastes the keyframes with the last keyframe of the copied set placed at the current frame.

Value Offset
No Offset:

Pastes the keyframes with the value they were copied from.

Cursor Value:

Paste the keyframes at the 2D cursor as a starting point.

Current Frame Value:

Paste keyframes relative to the value of the curve under the cursor.

Right Key:

Paste keyframes such that the last frame matches the key value right of the cursor.

Left Key:

Paste keyframes such that the first key matches the key value left of the cursor.

Type
Mix (смесь):

Integrates the pasted keyframes in with existing keyframes only overwriting keyframes that share a frame.

Overwrite All:

Removes all previous keyframes and replaces them with the pasted keyframes.

Overwrite Range:

Overwrite keys in pasted range.

Overwrite Entire Range:

Overwrite keys in pasted range, using the range of all copied keys.

Flipped

Paste keyframes from mirrored bones if they exist.

Дублирование

Справка

Меню:

Key ‣ Duplicate

Горячая клавиша:

Shift-D

Duplicates the selected keyframes. You can reposition them by moving the mouse.

Удаление

Справка

Меню:

Key ‣ Delete

Горячая клавиша:

X, Delete

Pressing X or Delete opens a pop-up menu from where you can delete the selected keyframes.

Handle Type

Справка

Меню:

Key ‣ Handle Type

Горячая клавиша:

V

Sets the handle type of the selected keyframes.

Interpolation Mode

Справка

Меню:

Key ‣ Interpolation Mode

Горячая клавиша:

T

Sets the interpolation mode between the selected keyframes.

Easing Type

Справка

Меню:

Key ‣ Easing Type

Горячая клавиша:

Ctrl-E

Sets the easing mode of the selected keyframes.

Density (плотность)

Decimate

Справка

Меню:

Key ‣ Density ‣ Decimate (Ratio)

Меню:

Key ‣ Density ‣ Decimate (Allowed Change)

The Decimate tool simplifies an F-Curve by removing keyframes that influence the curve shape the least.

Mode

Controls which method is used pick the number of keyframes to use.

Ratio:

Deletes a defined percentage of keyframes, the amount of keyframes to delete is define by the Remove property.

Error Margin:

Deletes keyframes which only allowing the F-Curve to change by a defined amount. The amount of change is controlled by the Max Error Margin which controls how much the new decimated curve is allowed to deviate from the original.

Sample Keyframes

Справка

Меню:

Key ‣ Density ‣ Sample Keyframes

Горячая клавиша:

Shift-Alt-O

Sampling a set of keyframes replaces interpolated values with a new keyframe for each frame.

../../../_images/editors_graph-editor_fcurves_editing_sample.png

F-Curve before sampling.

../../../_images/editors_graph-editor_fcurves_editing_sample2.png

F-Curve after sampling.

Clean Keyframes

Справка

Меню:

Key ‣ Density ‣ Clean Keyframes

Горячая клавиша:

X

Clean Keyframes resets the keyframe tangents on selected keyframes to their auto-clamped shape, if they have been modified.

Совет

The modified curve left after the Clean tool is run is not the same as the original, so this tool is better used before doing custom editing of F-Curves and after initial keyframe insertion, to get rid of any unwanted keyframes inserted while doing mass keyframe insertion (by selecting all bones and pressing I for instance).

Channels

Deletes the channel itself if it is only left with a single keyframe containing the default property value and it’s not being used by any generative F-Curve modifiers or drivers.

../../../_images/editors_graph-editor_fcurves_editing_clean1.png

F-Curve before cleaning.

../../../_images/editors_graph-editor_fcurves_editing_clean2.png

F-Curve after cleaning.

Blend

Справка

Меню:

Key ‣ Blend

Горячая клавиша:

D

Breakdown

Справка

Меню:

Key ‣ Blend ‣ Breakdown

Moves the selected keyframes to an in between position relative to the adjacent keyframes. To use this operator, drag the mouse left or right to adjust the operator’s Factor property.

Factor

The amount to favor either the left or the right key. Values less than 0.5 favor the left keyframe, values greater than 0.5 favor the right keyframe, a value of 0.5 results in no change.

Blend to Neighbor

Справка

Меню:

Key ‣ Blend ‣ Blend to Neighbor

Transitions the current keyframe with the neighboring keyframes in the timeline. In order for this operator to work, there must be a keyframe before and after the current frame. To use this operator, drag the mouse left or right to adjust the operator’s Blend property.

Blend

The amount to favor either the left or the right key. Values less than 0.5 favor the left keyframe, values greater than 0.5 favor the right keyframe, a value of 0.5 results in no change.

Blend to Default Value

Справка

Меню:

Key ‣ Blend ‣ Blend to Neighbor

Transitions the current keyframe towards the property’s default value. To use this operator, drag the mouse left or right to adjust the operator’s Blend property.

Blend

The amount to favor either the current key or the default value. A value of 0 represents the current key, a value of 1 represents the default value.

См.также

The Reset to Default operator resets any property to its default value without the need of keyframing.

Ease

Справка

Меню:

Key ‣ Blend ‣ Ease

Aligns selected keyframes to follow an exponential path between the first and last keyframes. To use this operator, drag the mouse left or right to adjust the operator’s Blend property.

Blend

Changes the concavity of the curve. Values less than 0.5 cause keyframes to concave up, values greater than 0.5 cause keyframes to concave down, a value of 0.5 results in a straight line.

Smooth

Smooth (Legacy)

Справка

Меню:

Key ‣ Smooth ‣ Smooth (Legacy)

Горячая клавиша:

Alt-O

There is also an option to smooth the selected curves, but beware: its algorithm seems to be to divide by two the distance between each keyframe and the average linear value of the curve, without any setting, which gives quite a strong smoothing! Note that the first and last keys seem to be never modified by this tool.

../../../_images/editors_graph-editor_fcurves_editing_clean1.png

F-Curve before smoothing.

../../../_images/editors_graph-editor_fcurves_editing_smooth.png

F-Curve after smoothing.

Smooth (Gaussian)

Справка

Меню:

Key ‣ Smooth ‣ Smooth (Gaussian)

Smooths the selected keyframes using a Gaussian kernel. It can handle gaps in the keyframe data. The operator is modal with a blend factor, making it possible to tweak the strength of the filter.

Factor

A blend factor from original to filtered curve.

Сигма

The shape of the gaussian distribution. Lower values mean a sharper curve, giving keys that are close to each other more weight. A high value behaves like a simple average filter.

Filter Width

A wider filter looks at more keyframes, producing a smoother result. At a size of 1 the filter only looks at the keyframes to the immediate left and right for a weighted average.

images/editors_graph-editor_gaussian_smooth.jpg

F-Curve after applying the Gaussian Smooth with the original curve overlayed.